LeMiz LeMiz - 4 months ago 22
Python Question

In-memory size of a Python structure

Is there a reference for the memory size of Python data stucture on 32- and 64-bit platforms?

If not, this would be nice to have it on SO. The more exhaustive the better! So how many bytes are used by the following Python structures (depending on the

len
and the content type when relevant)?


  • int

  • float

  • reference

  • str

  • unicode string

  • tuple

  • list

  • dict

  • set

  • array.array

  • numpy.array

  • deque

  • new-style classes object

  • old-style classes object

  • ... and everything I am forgetting!



(For containers that keep only references to other objects, we obviously do not want to count the size of the item themselves, since it might be shared.)

Furthermore, is there a way to get the memory used by an object at runtime (recursively or not)?

Answer

The recommendation from an earlier question on this was to use sys.getsizeof(), quoting:

>>> import sys
>>> x = 2
>>> sys.getsizeof(x)
14
>>> sys.getsizeof(sys.getsizeof)
32
>>> sys.getsizeof('this')
38
>>> sys.getsizeof('this also')
48

You could take this approach:

>>> import sys
>>> import decimal
>>> 
>>> d = {
...     "int": 0,
...     "float": 0.0,
...     "dict": dict(),
...     "set": set(),
...     "tuple": tuple(),
...     "list": list(),
...     "str": "a",
...     "unicode": u"a",
...     "decimal": decimal.Decimal(0),
...     "object": object(),
... }
>>> for k, v in sorted(d.iteritems()):
...     print k, sys.getsizeof(v)
...
decimal 40
dict 140
float 16
int 12
list 36
object 8
set 116
str 25
tuple 28
unicode 28

2012-09-30

python 2.7 (linux, 32-bit):

decimal 36
dict 136
float 16
int 12
list 32
object 8
set 112
str 22
tuple 24
unicode 32

python 3.3 (linux, 32-bit)

decimal 52
dict 144
float 16
int 14
list 32
object 8
set 112
str 26
tuple 24
unicode 26

2016-08-01

OSX, Python 2.7.10 (default, Oct 23 2015, 19:19:21) [GCC 4.2.1 Compatible Apple LLVM 7.0.0 (clang-700.0.59.5)] on darwin

decimal 80
dict 280
float 24
int 24
list 72
object 16
set 232
str 38
tuple 56
unicode 52
Comments