M4ks M4ks - 4 years ago 152
Java Question

No transaction starts within Spring @Transactional method

I run into strange problem while developing application using Spring (3.0.5), Hibernate (3.6.0) and Wicket (1.4.14). The problem is: i cannot save or modify any object into database. By 'cannot' I mean that all changes in object or calls to EntityManager.persist(foo) are simply, silently ignored. Selects work.

Sample case is simple - on some wicket page i try to save object into database, like follows

public class ComicDetailsPage extends PublicBasePage {

@Override
protected void onConfigure() {
System.out.println("In onConfigure");
super.onConfigure();
comicDAO.insert("abc");

}

@SpringBean(name="comicDAO")
private ComicDAO comicDAO;

(....)


Here is comicDAO

@Service
public class ComicDAO {

@PersistenceContext
private EntityManager em;

(...)

@Transactional
public void insert(String title) {
Comic c = new Comic();
c.setTitle(title);
em.persist(c);
}

@Transactional
public Comic add1toTitle(int pk) {
System.out.println("Beginning fetching");
Comic c = em.find(Comic.class, pk);
System.out.println("Fetched updating");
c.setTitle(c.getTitle()+"1");
System.out.println("Updated persisting");
em.persist(c);
System.out.println("Persisted returning");
return c;
}


I turned on logging and here is relevant part of logs (both Hibernate and Spring are set to TRACE). I added ** to lines I think are important here.

In onConfigure
01:53:19.330 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG o.s.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory - Returning cached instance of singleton bean 'txManager'
**01:53:19.330 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - opened session at timestamp: 13006687993**
**01:53:19.330 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.transaction.JDBCTransaction - begin**
01:53:19.330 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.jdbc.ConnectionManager - opening JDBC connection
01:53:19.335 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.transaction.JDBCTransaction - current autocommit status: true
01:53:19.335 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.transaction.JDBCTransaction - disabling autocommit
01:53:19.336 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.jdbc.JDBCContext - after transaction begin
01:53:19.336 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - opened session at timestamp: 13006687993
01:53:19.336 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - setting flush mode to: AUTO
01:53:19.336 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - setting cache mode to: NORMAL
01:53:19.337 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.engine.IdentifierValue - id unsaved-value: 0
01:53:19.337 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.event.def.AbstractSaveEventListener - transient instance of: pl.m4ks.comics.entity.Comic
01:53:19.337 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.event.def.DefaultPersistEventListener - saving transient instance
**01:53:19.338 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.event.def.AbstractSaveEventListener - saving [pl.m4ks.comics.entity.Comic#<null>]**
**01:53:19.341 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.event.def.AbstractSaveEventListener - delaying identity-insert due to no transaction in progress**
01:53:19.341 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - closing session
01:53:19.341 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.jdbc.ConnectionManager - connection already null in cleanup : no action
01:53:19.341 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.transaction.JDBCTransaction - commit
**01:53:19.341 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - automatically flushing session**
01:53:19.341 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.jdbc.JDBCContext - before transaction completion
01:53:19.341 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - before transaction completion
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.transaction.JDBCTransaction - re-enabling autocommit
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.transaction.JDBCTransaction - committed JDBC Connection
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.jdbc.JDBCContext - after transaction completion
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.jdbc.ConnectionManager - transaction completed on session with on_close connection release mode; be sure to close the session to release JDBC resources!
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - after transaction completion
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - closing session
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.jdbc.ConnectionManager - performing cleanup
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.jdbc.ConnectionManager - releasing JDBC connection [ (open PreparedStatements: 0, globally: 0) (open ResultSets: 0, globally: 0)]
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.jdbc.JDBCContext - after transaction completion
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] DEBUG org.hibernate.jdbc.ConnectionManager - transaction completed on session with on_close connection release mode; be sure to close the session to release JDBC resources!
01:53:19.342 [qtp2119047503-15] TRACE org.hibernate.impl.SessionImpl - after transaction completion


Of course No object is saved into database.

The last file - my applicationCOntext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans (...)>

<context:component-scan base-package="pl.m4ks.comics"/>
<context:annotation-config />

<bean id="dataSource" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.SimpleDriverDataSource">
<property name="driverClass" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
<property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:8889/comics" />
<property name="username" value="root"/>
<property name="password" value="root" />
</bean>

<bean id="entityManagerFactory"
class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean">
<property name="persistenceUnitName" value="main" />
<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
</bean>

<bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.annotation.AnnotationSessionFactoryBean">
<property name="dataSource">
<ref bean="dataSource"/>
</property>
<property name="packagesToScan">
<value>pl.m4ks.comics</value>
</property>
</bean>


<bean id="txManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">
<property name="sessionFactory">
<ref bean="sessionFactory" />
</property>
</bean>

<bean class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor" />

<tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="txManager" proxy-target-class="true"/>
</beans>


I have no idea what can be the problem and how to solve it. I don't want to manage transaction in my code - this is what Spring is for.

Answer Source

a) You are defining both a Hibernate SessionFactory and a JPA EntitymanagerFactory. Which is it going to be? Either use Hibernate's Session API or JPA's Entitymanager API with Hibernate as provider, but not both.

b) You have defined a HibernateTransactionManager, but since you are using EntityManager in your code, you need a JpaTransactionManager instead:

<bean id="myTxManager" class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.JpaTransactionManager">
    <property name="entityManagerFactory" ref="myEmf"/>
</bean

Here's a commented version of your applicationContext.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans (...)>

    <context:component-scan base-package="pl.m4ks.comics"/>
    <context:annotation-config /> 

    <bean id="dataSource" 
    class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.SimpleDriverDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
        <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:8889/comics" />
        <property name="username" value="root"/>
        <property name="password" value="root" />          
    </bean>

    <!-- use either this: -->
    <bean id="entityManagerFactory"
    class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean">
        <property name="persistenceUnitName" value="main" />
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    </bean>

    <!-- or this -->
    <bean id="sessionFactory"
    class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.annotation.AnnotationSessionFactoryBean">
         <property name="dataSource">
            <ref bean="dataSource"/>
        </property>
        <property name="packagesToScan">
             <value>pl.m4ks.comics</value>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <!-- (but not both) --> 

    <!-- this is correct for AnnotationSessionFactoryBean, but not if you use
         LocalContainerEntityManagerFactoryBean --> 
    <bean id="txManager" 
    class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">
        <property name="sessionFactory">
            <ref bean="sessionFactory" />
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- not necessary, <context:annotation-config /> automatically includes this -->
    <bean 
    class="org.springframework.orm.jpa.support.PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor" />

    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="txManager" proxy-target-class="true"/>
</beans>

And a design note: DAOs shouldn't be transactional. You should use a service layer that manages the transactions. See this question (and many others) for reference.

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