aL3xa - 1 year ago 72

R Question

I'm pretty sure that you all agree that

`rle`

So, if I have a vector like this one:

`x <- c(3:5, 10:15, 17, 22, 23, 35:40)`

and I call that esoteric function, I'll get response like this one:

`lengths: 3, 6, 1, 2, 6`

values: (3,4,5), (10,11,12... # you get the point

It's not that hard to write a function like this, but still... any ideas?

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Answer Source

**1) Calculate values and then lengths based on values**

```
s <- split(x, cumsum(c(0, diff(x) != 1)))
run.info <- list(lengths = unname(sapply(s, length)), values = unname(s))
```

Running it using `x`

from the question gives this:

```
> str(run.info)
List of 2
$ lengths: int [1:5] 3 6 1 2 6
$ values :List of 5
..$ : num [1:3] 3 4 5
..$ : num [1:6] 10 11 12 13 14 15
..$ : num 17
..$ : num [1:2] 22 23
..$ : num [1:6] 35 36 37 38 39 40
```

**2) Calculate lengths and then values based on lengths**

Here is a second solution based on Gregor's length calculation:

```
lens <- rle(x - seq_along(x))$lengths
list(lengths = lens, values = unname(split(x, rep(seq_along(lens), lens))))
```

**3) Calculate lengths and values without using other**

This one seems inefficient since it calculates each of `lengths`

and `values`

from scratch and it also seems somewhat overly complex but it does manage to get it all down to a single statement so I thought I would add it as well. Its basically just a mix of the prior two solutions marked 1) and 2) above. Nothing really new relative to those two.

```
list(lengths = rle(x - seq_along(x))$lengths,
values = unname(split(x, cumsum(c(0, diff(x) != 1)))))
```

**EDIT:** Added second solution.

**EDIT:** Added third solution.