Jigar Joshi Jigar Joshi - 4 months ago 21
Java Question

What are detached, persistent and transient objects in hibernate?

What are detached, persistent and transient objects in hibernate? Please explain with an example.

Answer

A new instance of a a persistent class which is not associated with a Session, has no representation in the database and no identifier value is considered transient by Hibernate:

Person person = new Person();
person.setName("Foobar");
// person is in a transient state

A persistent instance has a representation in the database, an identifier value and is associated with a Session. You can make a transient instance persistent by associating it with a Session:

Long id = (Long) session.save(person);
// person is now in a persistent state

Now, if we close the Hibernate Session, the persistent instance will become a detached instance: it isn't attached to a Session anymore (but can still be modified and reattached to a new Session later though).

All this is clearly explained is the whole Chapter 10. Working with objects of the Hibernate documentation that I'm only paraphrasing above. Definitely a must read.