Muhammad Muhammad - 1 month ago 29
Android Question

SpannableStringBuilder replace content with Regex

I have the following code in which I am going to mark the contents between the curly braces with

SpannableString
and remove the curly braces but it gives wrong result.

String text = "the {quic}k brown {fox} jumps {over} the lazy dog. {A Quick} {brow}nfoxjumpsoverthelazydog";

tv.setText(makeSpannable(text, "\\{.*?\\}"));
public SpannableStringBuilder makeSpannable(String text, String regex) {
SpannableStringBuilder spannable = new SpannableStringBuilder(text);
Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex);
Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(spannable.toString());
while (matcher.find()) {
String word = matcher.group();
String abbr = word.toString().substring(1, word.length() - 1);
spannable.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.RED), matcher.start(), matcher.end(), Spanned.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
spannable.replace(matcher.start(), matcher.start() + abbr.length() , abbr);
}
return spannable;
}


Input:

the {quic}k brown {fox} jumps {over} the lazy dog. {A Quick} {brow}nfoxjumpsoverthelazydog


Output:
enter image description here

Answer
String text = "the {quic}k brown {fox} jumps {over} the lazy dog. {A Quick} {brow}nfoxjumpsoverthelazydog";

tv.setText(makeSpannable(text, "\\{.*?\\}"));

public SpannableStringBuilder makeSpannable(String text, String regex) {

    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
    SpannableStringBuilder spannable = new SpannableStringBuilder();

    Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex);
    Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(text);
    while (matcher.find()) {
        sb.setLength(0); // clear
        String group = matcher.group();
        // caution, this code assumes your regex has single char delimiters
        String spanText = group.substring(1, group.length() - 1);
        matcher.appendReplacement(sb, spanText);

        spannable.append(sb.toString());
        int start = spannable.length() - spanText.length();

        spannable.setSpan(new ForegroundColorSpan(Color.RED), start, spannable.length(), Spanned.SPAN_EXCLUSIVE_EXCLUSIVE);
    }
    sb.setLength(0);
    matcher.appendTail(sb);
    spannable.append(sb.toString());
    return spannable;
}