m.edmondson m.edmondson - 4 months ago 157
ASP.NET (C#) Question

MVC 6 - Client-side validation for custom attribute

In previous versions of the MVC framework custom validation would be achieved through implementing

IClientValidatable
and the
GetClientValidationRules
method.

However in MVC 6 we do not have this interface, although we do have
IClientModelValidator
which a defining a very similar method. The implementation of which never gets called however.

So - how do we implement client-side validation for a custom attribute in MVC 6?

Answer

The IClientModelValidator is in fact the right interface. I've made a contrived sample implementation below.

Note: There was a breaking change to the IClientModelValidator interface between RC1 and RC2. Both options are presented below - the rest of the code is the same between both versions.

Attribute (RC2 and beyond)

[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Property, AllowMultiple = false, Inherited = false)]
public sealed class CannotBeRedAttribute : ValidationAttribute, IClientModelValidator
{
    public override bool IsValid(object value)
    {
        var message = value as string;
        return message?.ToUpper() == "RED";
    }

    public void AddValidation(ClientModelValidationContext context)
    {
        MergeAttribute(context.Attributes, "data-val", "true");
        var errorMessage = FormatErrorMessage(context.ModelMetadata.GetDisplayName());
        MergeAttribute(context.Attributes, "data-val-cannotbered", ErrorMessage);
    }

    private bool MergeAttribute(
        IDictionary<string, string> attributes,
        string key,
        string value)
    {
        if (attributes.ContainsKey(key))
        {
            return false;
        }
        attributes.Add(key, value);
        return true;
    }
}

Attribute (RC1)

[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Property, AllowMultiple = false, Inherited = false)]
public sealed class CannotBeRedAttribute : ValidationAttribute, IClientModelValidator
{
    public override bool IsValid(object value)
    {
        var message = value as string;
        return message?.ToUpper() == "RED";
    }

    public IEnumerable<ModelClientValidationRule> GetClientValidationRules(
        ClientModelValidationContext context)
    {
        yield return new ModelClientValidationRule(
            "cannotbered",
            FormatErrorMessage(ErrorMessage));
    }
}

Model

public class ContactModel
{
    [CannotBeRed(ErrorMessage = "Red is not allowed!")]
    public string Message { get; set; }
}

View

@model WebApplication22.Models.ContactModel

<form asp-action="Contact" method="post">
    <label asp-for="Message"></label>
    <input asp-for="Message" />
    <span asp-validation-for="Message"></span>
    <input type="submit" value="Save" />
</form>

@section scripts {
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation/dist/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation-unobtrusive/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script>
    <script>
        $.validator.addMethod("cannotbered",
            function (value, element, parameters) {
                return value.toUpperCase() !== "RED";
            });

        $.validator.unobtrusive.adapters.add("cannotbered", [], function (options) {
            options.rules.cannotbered = {};
            options.messages["cannotbered"] = options.message;
        });
    </script>
}
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