Eirik Eirik - 25 days ago 10
C# Question

How to create and connect custom user buttons/controls with lines using windows forms

I am trying to create some custom buttons or user controls as shown in the proposed GUI. The functionality should be as follows:

The graphs or configurations are created graphically.

The controls can be dragged from a toolbar or inserted by right mouse click/dropdown

By dragging from one control to another, they should be connected by lines

A toggle should shift the view from controls with options to a simple view

GUI view - controls with options:
GUI view controls with options

GUI view - minimized:
enter image description here

Which functionality in Windows forms can I use to create the connecting lines ?

If they are created by using functionality to draw lines, how can I make sure the controls snap to the line? ..

I am programming in C# with Visual Studio 2010 Express.

Answer

Ok. This is a slight modification of the example I created for A similar requirement

My intention is to show that winforms is no longer an option for anyone who needs a serious UI. The original sample was created in 3 man hours.

You might be surprised to know that the container that holds all these items (both nodes and connectors) is actually a ListBox.

Things worth noting:

  • The "NodeXX" text is contained within a Thumb control, which enables clicking and dragging.
  • The connectors can also be selected and show a nice animation when they are.
  • The left panel allows edition of the currently selected object's values.
  • The functionality of the UI is completely decoupled from the data that comprises it. Therefore all this nodes and connectors are simple classes with simple int and double properties that can be loaded/saved from a DB or whatever other data source.
  • If you dislike the way click sequences are done do draw nodes and connectors, that can be perfectly adapted to your needs.
  • WPF rules.

Edit:

Second version, this time much more similar to your original screenshot:

enter image description here

enter image description here

  • I added the concept of SnapSpot into the equation. These are the little red semi-circles you see around the nodes, which are actually what the Connectors are tied to.
  • I also changed the Connector DataTemplate to use a QuadraticBezierSegment based on

    Connector.Start.Location,
    Connector.MidPoint, and 
    Connector.End.Location 
    

This allows curved lines to be used as connectors, not just straight lines.

  • There's a little red-square-shaped Thumb that will appear when you select (click) on a Connector, (visible in the screenshot) that will allow you to move the MidPoint of the curve.
  • You can also manipulate that value by rolling the mouse wheel when hovering the TextBoxes under "Mid Point" in the left panel.
  • The "Collapse All" CheckBox allows to toggle between full and small boxes, as shown in the screenshot.
  • The SnapSpots have an OffsetX OffsetY between 0 and 1 that corresponds to their position relative to the parent Node. These are not limited to 4 and could actually be any number of them per Node.
  • The ComboBoxes and Buttons have no functionality, but it's just a matter of creating the relevant properties and Commands in the Node class and bind them to that.

Edit2:

Updated download link with a much nicer version.

Edit 10/16/2014: Since a lot of people seem to be interested in this, I uploaded the source to GitHub.

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