Goku__ Goku__ - 16 days ago 11
Scala Question

Why is compilation very slow for Scala programs?

I have been using Scala for the last two months. I am also using the Play Framework for a small app. I have observed that compilation is very slow even for a program to print "Hello World". Why is it so slow? Are there any tips for decreasing the time?

Answer

How fast is compilation in your case?

scalac's speed is bounded by two factors:

  1. It's a rather large program that runs on the JVM. So startup times are not great because one has to (1) start the JVM (2) load scalac into it (3) JIT compile much of it to gain speed. Startup times of 2-4 seconds are typical, and the first couple runs of scalac are not super fast. If your setup is correct this will be mitigated by scalac being kept resident and "warm" in a running JVM. sbt does that, as do all IDEs. I recommend to use one of these options, or else, if you must compile from the command line, use "fsc" which also keeps the compiler resident. (Case in point: people generally do not complain about the speed of the REPL, yet the REPL uses the same scalac as everybody else. The difference is just that the compiler is kept resident).

  2. Even a fully warmed-up scalac has to contend with programs that sometimes require complex type inference. So it cannot be as fast as compilers for languages with very simple type systems such as Go. I see on my 3 year old Macbook Pro compile speeds of 500-800 lines / second. This beats no world record, but it is sufficient for incremental compilation which is what IDEs and sbt do now. My current project is about 50K lines of code but I basically never wait for the compiler in my IDE (Scala IDE for Eclipse) because incremental compilation is fast enough. Some people see compile speeds that are lower than that. That's usually because they use constructs (often imported from a library) that are very expensive to compile, such as complicated implicit parameter hierarchies.