user1943012 user1943012 - 2 months ago 15
Android Question

Google Maps Android API v2 - Interactive InfoWindow (like in original android google maps)

I am trying to a make custom

InfoWindow
after a click on a marker with the new Google Maps API v2. I want it to look like in the original maps application by Google. Like this:

Example Image

When I have
ImageButton
inside, its not working - the entire
InfoWindow
is slected and not just the
ImageButton
. I read that it is because there isn't a
View
itself but it's snapshot, so individual items cannot be distinguished from each other.

EDIT:
In the documentation (thanks to Disco S2):


As mentioned in the previous section on info windows, an info window
is not a live View, rather the view is rendered as an image onto the
map. As a result, any listeners you set on the view are disregarded
and you cannot distinguish between click events on various parts of
the view. You are advised not to place interactive components — such
as buttons, checkboxes, or text inputs — within your custom info
window.


But if Google use it, there must be some way to make it. Does anyone have any idea?

Answer

I was looking for a solution of this problem myself with no luck, so I had to roll my own which I would like to share here with you. (Please excuse my bad English) (It's a little crazy to answer another Czech guy in English :-) )

The first thing I tried was to use a good old PopupWindow. It's quite easy - one only has to listen to the OnMarkerClickListener and then show a custom PopupWindow above the marker. Some other guys here on StackOverflow suggested this solution and it actually looks quite good at first glance. But the problem with this solution shows up when you start to move the map around. You have to move the PopupWindow somehow yourself which is possible (by listening to some onTouch events) but IMHO you can't make it look good enough, especially on some slow devices. If you do it the simple way it "jumps" around from one spot to another. You could also use some animations to polish those jumps but this way the PopupWindow will always be "a step behind" where it should be on the map which I just don't like.

At this point I was thinking about some other solution. I realized that I actually don't really need that much freedom - to show my custom views with all the possibilities that comes with it (like animated progress bars etc.). I think there is a good reason why even the google engineers don't do it this way in the Google Maps app. All I need is a button or two on the InfoWindow that will show a pressed state and trigger some actions when clicked. So I came up with another solution which splits up into two parts:

First part:
The first part is to be able to catch the clicks on the buttons to trigger some action. My idea is as follows:

  1. Keep a reference to the custom infoWindow created in the InfoWindowAdapter.
  2. Wrap the MapFragment (or MapView) inside a custom ViewGroup (mine is called MapWrapperLayout)
  3. Override the MapWrapperLayout's dispatchTouchEvent and (if the InfoWindow is currently shown) first route the MotionEvents to the previously created InfoWindow. If it doesn't consume the MotionEvents (like because you didn't click on any clickable area inside InfoWindow etc.) then (and only then) let the events go down to the MapWrapperLayout's super class so it will eventually be delivered to the map.

Here is the MapWrapperLayout's source code:

package com.circlegate.tt.cg.an.lib.map;

import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.Marker;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Point;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.RelativeLayout;

public class MapWrapperLayout extends RelativeLayout {
    /**
     * Reference to a GoogleMap object 
     */
    private GoogleMap map;

    /**
     * Vertical offset in pixels between the bottom edge of our InfoWindow 
     * and the marker position (by default it's bottom edge too).
     * It's a good idea to use custom markers and also the InfoWindow frame, 
     * because we probably can't rely on the sizes of the default marker and frame. 
     */
    private int bottomOffsetPixels;

    /**
     * A currently selected marker 
     */
    private Marker marker;

    /**
     * Our custom view which is returned from either the InfoWindowAdapter.getInfoContents 
     * or InfoWindowAdapter.getInfoWindow
     */
    private View infoWindow;    

    public MapWrapperLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public MapWrapperLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public MapWrapperLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    /**
     * Must be called before we can route the touch events
     */
    public void init(GoogleMap map, int bottomOffsetPixels) {
        this.map = map;
        this.bottomOffsetPixels = bottomOffsetPixels;
    }

    /**
     * Best to be called from either the InfoWindowAdapter.getInfoContents 
     * or InfoWindowAdapter.getInfoWindow. 
     */
    public void setMarkerWithInfoWindow(Marker marker, View infoWindow) {
        this.marker = marker;
        this.infoWindow = infoWindow;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean dispatchTouchEvent(MotionEvent ev) {
        boolean ret = false;
        // Make sure that the infoWindow is shown and we have all the needed references
        if (marker != null && marker.isInfoWindowShown() && map != null && infoWindow != null) {
            // Get a marker position on the screen
            Point point = map.getProjection().toScreenLocation(marker.getPosition());

            // Make a copy of the MotionEvent and adjust it's location
            // so it is relative to the infoWindow left top corner
            MotionEvent copyEv = MotionEvent.obtain(ev);
            copyEv.offsetLocation(
                -point.x + (infoWindow.getWidth() / 2), 
                -point.y + infoWindow.getHeight() + bottomOffsetPixels);

            // Dispatch the adjusted MotionEvent to the infoWindow
            ret = infoWindow.dispatchTouchEvent(copyEv);
        }
        // If the infoWindow consumed the touch event, then just return true.
        // Otherwise pass this event to the super class and return it's result
        return ret || super.dispatchTouchEvent(ev);
    }
}

All this will make the views inside the InfoView "live" again - the OnClickListeners will start triggering etc.

Second part: The remaining problem is, that obviously you can't see any UI changes of your InfoWindow on screen. To do that you have to manually call Marker.showInfoWindow. Now, if you perform some permanent change in your InfoWindow (like changing the label of your button to something else), this is good enough.

But showing a button pressed state or something of that nature is more complicated. The first problem is, that (at least) I wasn't able to make the InfoWindow show normal button's pressed state. Even if I pressed the button for a long time, it just remained unpressed on the screen. I believe this is something that is handled by the map framework itself which probably makes sure not to show any transient state in the info windows. But I could be wrong, I didn't try to find this out.

What I did is another nasty hack - I attached an OnTouchListener to the button and manually switched it's background when the button was pressed or released to two custom drawables - one with a button in a normal state and the other one in a pressed state. This is not very nice, but it works :). Now I was able to see the button switching between normal to pressed states on the screen.

There is still one last glitch - if you click the button too fast, it doesn't show the pressed state - it just remains in it's normal state (although the click itself is fired so the button "works"). At least this is how it shows up on my Galaxy Nexus. So the last thing I did is that I delayed the button in it's pressed state a little. This is also quite ugly and I'm not sure how would it work on some older, slow devices but I suspect that even the map framework itself does something like this. You can try it yourself - when you click the whole InfoWindow, it remains in a pressed state a little longer, then normal buttons do (again - at least on my phone). And this is actually how it works even in the original Google Maps app.

Anyway, I wrote myself a custom class which handles the buttons state changes and all the other things I mentioned, so here is the code:

package com.circlegate.tt.cg.an.lib.map;

import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnTouchListener;

import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.Marker;

public abstract class OnInfoWindowElemTouchListener implements OnTouchListener {
    private final View view;
    private final Drawable bgDrawableNormal;
    private final Drawable bgDrawablePressed;
    private final Handler handler = new Handler();

    private Marker marker;
    private boolean pressed = false;

    public OnInfoWindowElemTouchListener(View view, Drawable bgDrawableNormal, Drawable bgDrawablePressed) {
        this.view = view;
        this.bgDrawableNormal = bgDrawableNormal;
        this.bgDrawablePressed = bgDrawablePressed;
    }

    public void setMarker(Marker marker) {
        this.marker = marker;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onTouch(View vv, MotionEvent event) {
        if (0 <= event.getX() && event.getX() <= view.getWidth() &&
            0 <= event.getY() && event.getY() <= view.getHeight())
        {
            switch (event.getActionMasked()) {
            case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN: startPress(); break;

            // We need to delay releasing of the view a little so it shows the pressed state on the screen
            case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP: handler.postDelayed(confirmClickRunnable, 150); break;

            case MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL: endPress(); break;
            default: break;
            }
        }
        else {
            // If the touch goes outside of the view's area
            // (like when moving finger out of the pressed button)
            // just release the press
            endPress();
        }
        return false;
    }

    private void startPress() {
        if (!pressed) {
            pressed = true;
            handler.removeCallbacks(confirmClickRunnable);
            view.setBackground(bgDrawablePressed);
            if (marker != null) 
                marker.showInfoWindow();
        }
    }

    private boolean endPress() {
        if (pressed) {
            this.pressed = false;
            handler.removeCallbacks(confirmClickRunnable);
            view.setBackground(bgDrawableNormal);
            if (marker != null) 
                marker.showInfoWindow();
            return true;
        }
        else
            return false;
    }

    private final Runnable confirmClickRunnable = new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
            if (endPress()) {
                onClickConfirmed(view, marker);
            }
        }
    };

    /**
     * This is called after a successful click 
     */
    protected abstract void onClickConfirmed(View v, Marker marker);
}

Here is a custom InfoWindow layout file that I used:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:gravity="center_vertical" >

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:layout_marginRight="10dp" >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/title"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textSize="18sp"
            android:text="Title" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/snippet"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="snippet" />

    </LinearLayout>

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button" 
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Button" />

</LinearLayout>

Test activity layout file (MapFragment being inside the MapWrapperLayout):

<com.circlegate.tt.cg.an.lib.map.MapWrapperLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/map_relative_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity" >

    <fragment
        android:id="@+id/map"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        class="com.google.android.gms.maps.MapFragment" />

</com.circlegate.tt.cg.an.lib.map.MapWrapperLayout>

And finally source code of a test activity, which glues all this together:

package com.circlegate.testapp;

import com.circlegate.tt.cg.an.lib.map.MapWrapperLayout;
import com.circlegate.tt.cg.an.lib.map.OnInfoWindowElemTouchListener;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap.InfoWindowAdapter;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.MapFragment;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.Marker;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MarkerOptions;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {    
    private ViewGroup infoWindow;
    private TextView infoTitle;
    private TextView infoSnippet;
    private Button infoButton;
    private OnInfoWindowElemTouchListener infoButtonListener;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        final MapFragment mapFragment = (MapFragment)getFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        final MapWrapperLayout mapWrapperLayout = (MapWrapperLayout)findViewById(R.id.map_relative_layout);
        final GoogleMap map = mapFragment.getMap();

        // MapWrapperLayout initialization
        // 39 - default marker height
        // 20 - offset between the default InfoWindow bottom edge and it's content bottom edge 
        mapWrapperLayout.init(map, getPixelsFromDp(this, 39 + 20)); 

        // We want to reuse the info window for all the markers, 
        // so let's create only one class member instance
        this.infoWindow = (ViewGroup)getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.info_window, null);
        this.infoTitle = (TextView)infoWindow.findViewById(R.id.title);
        this.infoSnippet = (TextView)infoWindow.findViewById(R.id.snippet);
        this.infoButton = (Button)infoWindow.findViewById(R.id.button);

        // Setting custom OnTouchListener which deals with the pressed state
        // so it shows up 
        this.infoButtonListener = new OnInfoWindowElemTouchListener(infoButton,
                getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.btn_default_normal_holo_light),
                getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.btn_default_pressed_holo_light)) 
        {
            @Override
            protected void onClickConfirmed(View v, Marker marker) {
                // Here we can perform some action triggered after clicking the button
                Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, marker.getTitle() + "'s button clicked!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        }; 
        this.infoButton.setOnTouchListener(infoButtonListener);


        map.setInfoWindowAdapter(new InfoWindowAdapter() {
            @Override
            public View getInfoWindow(Marker marker) {
                return null;
            }

            @Override
            public View getInfoContents(Marker marker) {
                // Setting up the infoWindow with current's marker info
                infoTitle.setText(marker.getTitle());
                infoSnippet.setText(marker.getSnippet());
                infoButtonListener.setMarker(marker);

                // We must call this to set the current marker and infoWindow references
                // to the MapWrapperLayout
                mapWrapperLayout.setMarkerWithInfoWindow(marker, infoWindow);
                return infoWindow;
            }
        });

        // Let's add a couple of markers
        map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
            .title("Prague")
            .snippet("Czech Republic")
            .position(new LatLng(50.08, 14.43)));

        map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
            .title("Paris")
            .snippet("France")
            .position(new LatLng(48.86,2.33)));

        map.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
            .title("London")
            .snippet("United Kingdom")
            .position(new LatLng(51.51,-0.1)));
    }

    public static int getPixelsFromDp(Context context, float dp) {
        final float scale = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
        return (int)(dp * scale + 0.5f);
    }
}

That's it. So far I only tested this on my Galaxy Nexus (4.2.1) and Nexus 7 (also 4.2.1), I will try it on some Gingerbread phone when I have a chance. A limitation I found so far is that you can't drag the map from where is your button on the screen and move the map around. It could probably be overcome somehow but for now I can live with that.

I know this is an ugly hack but I just didn't find anything better and I need this design pattern so badly that this would really be a reason to go back to the map v1 framework (which btw. I would really really like to avoid for a new app with fragments etc.). I just don't understand why Google doesn't offer developers some official way to have a button on InfoWindows. It's such a common design pattern, moreover this pattern is used even in the official Google Maps app :). I understand the reasons why they can't just make your views "live" in the InfoWindows - this would probably kill performance when moving and scrolling map around. But there should be some way how to achieve this effect without using views.