gco gco - 6 days ago 6
HTML Question

Snap edges of objects to each other and prevent overlap

My goal is to prevent overlapping of two or more rectangles inside my FabricJS canvas.

Imagine two rectangles having info on position and size and you can drag and drop any rectangle inside the canvas.

If rectangle A gets close enough to rectangle B, the position of rectangle A should snap to the edge of rectangle B. This should work for any edge of rectangle B. The vertices do not have to match, cause the sizes of the rectangles are variable.

I have a working example for this snapping on one dimension (x-axes).

My best jsfiddle attempt

See jsfiddle.

But I need it to work around the rectangle on both dimensions. I am quite sure, that my code is not well enough to manage this.

Code-snippets which might help:

object.oCoords.tl.x //top-left corner x position. similar goes for top-right (tr), bottom-left (bl), bottom-right (br) and .y for y-position
mouse_pos = canvas.getPointer(e.e);
mouse_pos.x //pointer x.position
mouse_pos.y //pointer y.position
object.intersectsWithObject(targ) // object = dragged rectangle, targ = targeted rectangle


The snapping should work for an unlimited amount of objects (not only for two rectangles).

Answer

This is based on gco's answer, updated to work with FabricJS 1.5.0, with the following improvements:

  • Shapes don't overlap.
  • Snapping is more responsive.
  • Shapes are contained within the canvas.

JS Fiddle: https://jsfiddle.net/aphillips8/31qbr0vn/1/

var canvas = new fabric.Canvas('canvas'),
canvasWidth = document.getElementById('canvas').width,
canvasHeight = document.getElementById('canvas').height,
counter = 0,
rectLeft = 0,
snap = 20; //Pixels to snap

canvas.selection = false;
plusrect();
plusrect();
plusrect();

function plusrect(top, left, width, height, fill) {
    var rect = new fabric.Rect({
        top: 300,
        name: 'rectangle ' + counter,
        left: 0 + rectLeft,
        width: 100,
        height: 100,
        fill: 'rgba(' + (Math.floor(Math.random() * 256)) + ',' + (Math.floor(Math.random() * 256)) + ',' + (Math.floor(Math.random() * 256)) + ', 0.75)',
        lockRotation: true,
        originX: 'left',
        originY: 'top',
        cornerSize: 15,
        hasRotatingPoint: false,
        perPixelTargetFind: true,
        minScaleLimit: 1,
        maxWidth: canvasWidth,
        maxHeight: canvasHeight
    });

    rect.custom = {};
    rect.custom.counter = counter;

    canvas.add(rect);
    counter++;
    rectLeft += 200;
}

function findNewPos(distX, distY, target, obj) {
    // See whether to focus on X or Y axis
    if(Math.abs(distX) > Math.abs(distY)) {
        if (distX > 0) {
            target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() - target.getWidth());
        } else {
            target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth());
        }
    } else {
        if (distY > 0) {
            target.setTop(obj.getTop() - target.getHeight());
        } else {
            target.setTop(obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight());
        }
    }
}

canvas.on('object:moving', function (options) {
    // Sets corner position coordinates based on current angle, width and height
    options.target.setCoords();

    // Don't allow objects off the canvas
    if(options.target.getLeft() < snap) {
        options.target.setLeft(0);
    }

    if(options.target.getTop() < snap) {
        options.target.setTop(0);
    }

    if((options.target.getWidth() + options.target.getLeft()) > (canvasWidth - snap)) {
        options.target.setLeft(canvasWidth - options.target.getWidth());
    }

    if((options.target.getHeight() + options.target.getTop()) > (canvasHeight - snap)) {
        options.target.setTop(canvasHeight - options.target.getHeight());
    }

    // Loop through objects
    canvas.forEachObject(function (obj) {
        if (obj === options.target) return;

        // If objects intersect
        if (options.target.isContainedWithinObject(obj) || options.target.intersectsWithObject(obj) || obj.isContainedWithinObject(options.target)) {

            var distX = ((obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth()) / 2) - ((options.target.getLeft() + options.target.getWidth()) / 2);
            var distY = ((obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight()) / 2) - ((options.target.getTop() + options.target.getHeight()) / 2);

            // Set new position
            findNewPos(distX, distY, options.target, obj);
        }

        // Snap objects to each other horizontally

        // If bottom points are on same Y axis
        if(Math.abs((options.target.getTop() + options.target.getHeight()) - (obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight())) < snap) {
            // Snap target BL to object BR
            if(Math.abs(options.target.getLeft() - (obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth())) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight() - options.target.getHeight());
            }

            // Snap target BR to object BL
            if(Math.abs((options.target.getLeft() + options.target.getWidth()) - obj.getLeft()) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() - options.target.getWidth());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight() - options.target.getHeight());
            }
        }

        // If top points are on same Y axis
        if(Math.abs(options.target.getTop() - obj.getTop()) < snap) {
            // Snap target TL to object TR
            if(Math.abs(options.target.getLeft() - (obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth())) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop());
            }

            // Snap target TR to object TL
            if(Math.abs((options.target.getLeft() + options.target.getWidth()) - obj.getLeft()) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() - options.target.getWidth());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop());
            }
        }

        // Snap objects to each other vertically

        // If right points are on same X axis
        if(Math.abs((options.target.getLeft() + options.target.getWidth()) - (obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth())) < snap) {
            // Snap target TR to object BR
            if(Math.abs(options.target.getTop() - (obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight())) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth() - options.target.getWidth());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight());
            }

            // Snap target BR to object TR
            if(Math.abs((options.target.getTop() + options.target.getHeight()) - obj.getTop()) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth() - options.target.getWidth());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop() - options.target.getHeight());
            }
        }

        // If left points are on same X axis
        if(Math.abs(options.target.getLeft() - obj.getLeft()) < snap) {
            // Snap target TL to object BL
            if(Math.abs(options.target.getTop() - (obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight())) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight());
            }

            // Snap target BL to object TL
            if(Math.abs((options.target.getTop() + options.target.getHeight()) - obj.getTop()) < snap) {
                options.target.setLeft(obj.getLeft());
                options.target.setTop(obj.getTop() - options.target.getHeight());
            }
        }
    });

    options.target.setCoords();

    // If objects still overlap

    var outerAreaLeft = null,
    outerAreaTop = null,
    outerAreaRight = null,
    outerAreaBottom = null;

    canvas.forEachObject(function (obj) {
        if (obj === options.target) return;

        if (options.target.isContainedWithinObject(obj) || options.target.intersectsWithObject(obj) || obj.isContainedWithinObject(options.target)) {

            var intersectLeft = null,
            intersectTop = null,
            intersectWidth = null,
            intersectHeight = null,
            intersectSize = null,
            targetLeft = options.target.getLeft(),
            targetRight = targetLeft + options.target.getWidth(),
            targetTop = options.target.getTop(),
            targetBottom = targetTop + options.target.getHeight(),
            objectLeft = obj.getLeft(),
            objectRight = objectLeft + obj.getWidth(),
            objectTop = obj.getTop(),
            objectBottom = objectTop + obj.getHeight();

            // Find intersect information for X axis
            if(targetLeft >= objectLeft && targetLeft <= objectRight) {
                intersectLeft = targetLeft;
                intersectWidth = obj.getWidth() - (intersectLeft - objectLeft);

            } else if(objectLeft >= targetLeft && objectLeft <= targetRight) {
                intersectLeft = objectLeft;
                intersectWidth = options.target.getWidth() - (intersectLeft - targetLeft);
            }

            // Find intersect information for Y axis
            if(targetTop >= objectTop && targetTop <= objectBottom) {
                intersectTop = targetTop;
                intersectHeight = obj.getHeight() - (intersectTop - objectTop);

            } else if(objectTop >= targetTop && objectTop <= targetBottom) {
                intersectTop = objectTop;
                intersectHeight = options.target.getHeight() - (intersectTop - targetTop);
            }

            // Find intersect size (this will be 0 if objects are touching but not overlapping)
            if(intersectWidth > 0 && intersectHeight > 0) {
                intersectSize = intersectWidth * intersectHeight;
            }

            // Set outer snapping area
            if(obj.getLeft() < outerAreaLeft || outerAreaLeft == null) {
                outerAreaLeft = obj.getLeft();
            }

            if(obj.getTop() < outerAreaTop || outerAreaTop == null) {
                outerAreaTop = obj.getTop();
            }

            if((obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth()) > outerAreaRight || outerAreaRight == null) {
                outerAreaRight = obj.getLeft() + obj.getWidth();
            }

            if((obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight()) > outerAreaBottom || outerAreaBottom == null) {
                outerAreaBottom = obj.getTop() + obj.getHeight();
            }

            // If objects are intersecting, reposition outside all shapes which touch
            if(intersectSize) {
                var distX = (outerAreaRight / 2) - ((options.target.getLeft() + options.target.getWidth()) / 2);
                var distY = (outerAreaBottom / 2) - ((options.target.getTop() + options.target.getHeight()) / 2);

                // Set new position
                findNewPos(distX, distY, options.target, obj);
            }
        }
    });
});