Nikitin Roman Nikitin Roman - 7 months ago 117
Swift Question

Get terminal output after a command swift

I run some commands in terminal with this code:

system("the command here")


And after I want to know what is the result of running this command, e.g. if I run

system("git status")


I want to read the actual information about changes in my repo. Is there any way to do that in swift?

Answer

NSTask is class to run another program as a subprocess. You can capture the program's output, error output, exit status and much more.

Expanding on my answer to xcode 6 swift system() command, here is a simple utility function to run a command synchronously, and return the output, error output and exit code (now updated for Swift 2):

func runCommand(cmd : String, args : String...) -> (output: [String], error: [String], exitCode: Int32) {

    var output : [String] = []
    var error : [String] = []

    let task = NSTask()
    task.launchPath = cmd
    task.arguments = args

    let outpipe = NSPipe()
    task.standardOutput = outpipe
    let errpipe = NSPipe()
    task.standardError = errpipe

    task.launch()

    let outdata = outpipe.fileHandleForReading.readDataToEndOfFile()
    if var string = String.fromCString(UnsafePointer(outdata.bytes)) {
        string = string.stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.newlineCharacterSet())
        output = string.componentsSeparatedByString("\n")
    }

    let errdata = errpipe.fileHandleForReading.readDataToEndOfFile()
    if var string = String.fromCString(UnsafePointer(errdata.bytes)) {
        string = string.stringByTrimmingCharactersInSet(NSCharacterSet.newlineCharacterSet())
        error = string.componentsSeparatedByString("\n")
    }

    task.waitUntilExit()
    let status = task.terminationStatus

    return (output, error, status)
}

Sample usage:

let (output, error, status) = runCommand("/usr/bin/git", args: "status")
print("program exited with status \(status)")
if output.count > 0 {
    print("program output:")
    print(output)
}
if error.count > 0 {
    print("error output:")
    print(error)
}

Or, if you are only interested in the output, but not in the error messages or exit code:

let output = runCommand("/usr/bin/git", args: "status").output

Output and error output are returned as an array of strings, one string for each line.

The first argument to runCommand() must be the full path to an executable, such as "/usr/bin/git". You can start the program using a shell (which is what system() also does):

let (output, error, status) = runCommand("/bin/sh", args: "-c", "git status")

The advantage is that the "git" executable is automatically found via the default search path. The disadvantage is that you have to quote/escape arguments correctly if they contain spaces or other characters which have a special meaning in the shell.

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