Ronnie Overby Ronnie Overby - 3 months ago 14
ASP.NET (C#) Question

ASP.NET MVC - How to show unauthorized error on login page?

In my ASP.NET MVC app, I have most controllers decorated with

[Authorize(Roles="SomeGroup")]


When a user is not authorized to access something, they are sent to "~/Login" which is the Login action on my Account controller.

How can I determine that a user has reached the login page because of not being authorized so that I can show an appropriate error?

Answer

You can look for the ?ReturnUrl= querystring value, or you can create your own authorization filter & set a field in TempData indicating the reason.

Here is a simple custom filter that will do the trick:

[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Class | AttributeTargets.Method)]
public class CustomAuthorizeAttribute : AuthorizeAttribute
{

    // NOTE: This is not thread safe, it is much better to store this
    // value in HttpContext.Items.  See Ben Cull's answer below for an example.
    private bool _isAuthorized;

    protected override bool AuthorizeCore(System.Web.HttpContextBase httpContext)
    {
        _isAuthorized = base.AuthorizeCore(httpContext);
        return _isAuthorized;
    }

    public override void OnAuthorization(AuthorizationContext filterContext)
    {
        base.OnAuthorization(filterContext);

        if(!_isAuthorized)
        {
            filterContext.Controller.TempData.Add("RedirectReason", "Unauthorized");
        }
    }
}

Then in your view, you can do something like this:

@if(TempData["RedirectReason"] == "Unauthorized")
{
    <b>You don't have permission to access that area</b>
}

(Though I'd recommend a better approach than these magic strings, but you get the point)