StanLe StanLe -4 years ago 292
R Question

Overlay normal curve to histogram in R

I have managed to find online how to overlay a normal curve to a histogram in R, but I would like to retain the normal "frequency" y-axis of a histogram. See two code segments below, and notice how in the second, the y-axis is replaced with "density". How can I keep that y-axis as "frequency", as it is in the first plot.

AS A BONUS: I'd like to mark the SD regions (up to 3 SD) on the density curve as well. How can I do this? I tried

abline
, but the line extends to the top of the graph and looks ugly.

g = d$mydata
hist(g)


enter image description here

g = d$mydata
m<-mean(g)
std<-sqrt(var(g))
hist(g, density=20, breaks=20, prob=TRUE,
xlab="x-variable", ylim=c(0, 2),
main="normal curve over histogram")
curve(dnorm(x, mean=m, sd=std),
col="darkblue", lwd=2, add=TRUE, yaxt="n")


enter image description here

See how in the image above, the y-axis is "density". I'd like to get that to be "frequency".

Answer Source

Here's a nice easy way I found:

h <- hist(g, breaks = 10, density = 10,
          col = "lightgray", xlab = "Accuracy", main = "Overall") 
xfit <- seq(min(g), max(g), length = 40) 
yfit <- dnorm(xfit, mean = mean(g), sd = sd(g)) 
yfit <- yfit * diff(h$mids[1:2]) * length(g) 

lines(xfit, yfit, col = "black", lwd = 2)
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