user1256821 user1256821 - 24 days ago 27
Objective-C Question

Convert Int64 to UUID

How to convert swift's

Int64
to
UUID
and back? Since
UUID
is 128 bit, I want to fill top 64 bits with zeroes.

I can construct
UUID
from
uuid_t
, which is a tuple of
UInt8
, by shifting and casting
Int64
eight times.

Is there a better way?

Answer

Answering strictly your question

The "simplest" way to do it (without relying on the memory layout of CollectionType, Tuple, UUID or NSUUID) is:

extension UUID {
    init(number: Int64) {
        var number = number
        let numberData = Data(bytes: &number, count: MemoryLayout<Int64>.size)

        let bytes = [UInt8](numberData)

        let tuple: uuid_t = (0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
                             bytes[0], bytes[1], bytes[2], bytes[3],
                             bytes[4], bytes[5], bytes[6], bytes[7])

        self.init(uuid: tuple)
    }

    var intValue: Int64? {
        let tuple = self.uuid
        guard tuple.0 == 0 && tuple.1 == 0 && tuple.2 == 0 && tuple.3 == 0 &&
              tuple.4 == 0 && tuple.5 == 0 && tuple.6 == 0 && tuple.7 == 0 else {
                return nil
        }

        let bytes: [UInt8] = [tuple.8, tuple.9, tuple.10, tuple.11,
                              tuple.12, tuple.13, tuple.14, tuple.15]

        let numberData = Data(bytes: bytes)

        let number = numberData.withUnsafeBytes { $0.pointee } as Int64

        return number
    }
}

Also, you may want to throw/fatalError instead of returning nil.

Creating valid UUIDs

For completion sake (and to make it actually possible to create valid UUIDs) I added a way to create it from 2 Int64 and rewrote the answer to your question using that:

UUID creation from (Int64, Int64)

extension UUID {
    init(numbers: (Int64, Int64)) {
        var firstNumber = numbers.0
        var secondNumber = numbers.1
        let firstData = Data(bytes: &firstNumber, count: MemoryLayout<Int64>.size)
        let secondData = Data(bytes: &secondNumber, count: MemoryLayout<Int64>.size)

        let bytes = [UInt8](firstData) + [UInt8](secondData)

        let tuple: uuid_t = (bytes[0], bytes[1], bytes[2], bytes[3],
                             bytes[4], bytes[5], bytes[6], bytes[7],
                             bytes[8], bytes[9], bytes[10], bytes[11],
                             bytes[12], bytes[13], bytes[14], bytes[15])

        self.init(uuid: tuple)
    }

    var intTupleValue: (Int64, Int64) {
        let tuple = self.uuid

        let firstBytes: [UInt8] = [tuple.0, tuple.1, tuple.2, tuple.3,
                                   tuple.4, tuple.5, tuple.6, tuple.7]

        let secondBytes: [UInt8] = [tuple.8, tuple.9, tuple.10, tuple.11,
                                    tuple.12, tuple.13, tuple.14, tuple.15]

        let firstData = Data(bytes: firstBytes)
        let secondData = Data(bytes: secondBytes)

        let first = firstData.withUnsafeBytes { $0.pointee } as Int64
        let second = secondData.withUnsafeBytes { $0.pointee } as Int64

        return (first, second)
    }
}

UUID creation from Int64 (filling MSBs with 0s)

extension UUID {
    init(number: Int64) {
        self.init(numbers: (0, number))
    }

    var intValue: Int64? {
        let (first, second) = intTupleValue
        guard first == 0 else { return nil }

        return second
    }
}
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