John Doe John Doe - 1 year ago 86
Python Question

How to calculate variables from worksheet columns using xlrd?

I am attempting to calculate all variables of a specific value in a given column from an Excel document. I want to be able to iterate over the column and calculate the total of each instance... e.g. how many students received a grade "A".

Here is what I have so far...


Name, Class, Grade

James, Math, A

Judy, Math, A

Bill, Social Studies, B

Denice, History, C

Sarah, History, B

Here is my python script

import xlrd
from collections import Counter
sh = xlrd.open_workbook('test.xls', on_demand = True).sheet_by_index(0) # Open workbook and sheet

for rownum in range(sh.nrows):
grades = str(sh.cell(rownum, 2).value) # Grab all variables in column 2.
print Counter(grades.split('\n')) # Count grades

Expected output:

A = 2

B = 2

C = 1

Actual output:

Counter({'Grade': 1})

Counter({'A': 1})

Counter({'A': 1})

Counter({'B': 1})

Counter({'C': 1})

Counter({'B': 1})

As each grade is showing in a different list I have been unable to merge/concatenate lists to get a total. Also it is not in the desired output formatting.

Answer Source

You can start by instantiating a Counter and then add grades to it while you iterate:

grades_counter = Counter()
mysheet = xlrd.open_workbook('grades.xls').sheet_by_index(0)

for i in range(1,mysheet.nrows):
    grades_counter += Counter(str(mysheet.row_values(i)[2]))

print grades_counter
Counter({'A': 2, 'B': 2, 'C': 1})

If you are looking to print the output in a more elegant way, you can do the following:

for k,v in grades_counter.items():
    print "{} = {}".format(k,v)

You should get:

A = 2
C = 1
B = 2

I hope this helps.

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