Tom Tom - 2 months ago 8x
Git Question

How to substitute text from files in git history?

I've always used an interface based git client (smartGit) and thus don't have much experience with the git console.

However, I now face the need to substitute a string in all .txt files from history (so, not erasing the whole file but just substituting a string). I found the following command:

git filter-branch --tree-filter 'git ls-files -z "*.php" |xargs -0 perl -p -i -e "s#(PASSWORD1|PASSWORD2|PASSWORD3)#xXxXxXxXxXx#g"' -- --all

I tried this, and unfortunately noticed that while the password did get changed, all binary files got corrupted. Images, etc. would all be corrupted.

Is there a better way to do this that won't corrupt my binary files?



I got mixed up with something. The actual code that caused binary files to get corrupted was:

$ git filter-branch --tree-filter "find . -type f -exec sed -i -e 's/originalpassword/newpassword/g' {} \;"

The code at the top actually removed all files with my password strangely enough.


You can avoid touching undesired files by passing -name "pattern" to find.

This works for me:

git filter-branch --tree-filter "find . -name '*.php' -exec sed -i -e \
    's/originalpassword/newpassword/g' {} \;"