Saranya Saranya - 3 months ago 8
Javascript Question

Difference between dates in JavaScript

How to find the difference between two dates?

Answer

By using the Date object and its milliseconds value, differences can be calculated:

var a = new Date(); // Current date now.
var b = new Date(2010, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0); // Start of 2010.
var d = (b-a); // Difference in milliseconds.

You can get the number of seconds (as a integer/whole number) by dividing the milliseconds by 1000 to convert it to seconds then converting the result to an integer (this removes the fractional part representing the milliseconds):

var seconds = parseInt((b-a)/1000);

You could then get whole minutes by dividing seconds by 60 and converting it to an integer, then hours by dividing minutes by 60 and converting it to an integer, then longer time units in the same way. From this, a function to get the maximum whole amount of a time unit in the value of a lower unit and the remainder lower unit can be created:

function get_whole_values(base_value, time_fractions) {
    time_data = [base_value];
    for (i = 0; i < time_fractions.length; i++) {
        time_data.push(parseInt(time_data[i]/time_fractions[i]));
        time_data[i] = time_data[i] % time_fractions[i];
    }; return time_data;
};
// Input parameters below: base value of 72000 milliseconds, time fractions are
// 1000 (amount of milliseconds in a second) and 60 (amount of seconds in a minute). 
console.log(get_whole_values(72000, [1000, 60]));
// -> [0,12,1] # 0 whole milliseconds, 12 whole seconds, 1 whole minute.

If you're wondering what the input parameters provided above for the second Date object are, see their names below:

new Date(<year>, <month>, <day>, <hours>, <minutes>, <seconds>, <milliseconds>);

As noted in the comments of this solution, you don't necessarily need to provide all these values unless they're necessary for the date you wish to represent.