Rui Rui - 1 year ago 61
R Question

Return a matrix with `ifelse`

I have two matrices:

mat <- matrix(1:6, 2, 3)
mat2 <- matrix(1:2, 2, 3)

and a parameter

a <- 1

, is it possible to return a matrix when
is a certain value?
the code that I am using, does not work. For example: <- ifelse(a == 1, mat, mat2)

Answer Source

The length of the return is completely decided by length(a == 1). See also the helpfile with ?ifelse. Your code will only return a single value.

ifelse targets vector input / output. Even if you get the length correct, say: ifelse(rep(TRUE, 6), mat, mat2), you get a vector rather than a matrix output. So an outer matrix call to reset dimension is necessary.

Tip 1:

For your example, looks like a simple result <- if (a == 1) mat else mat2 is sufficient. No need to touch ifelse.

Tip 2:

It is not impossible to ask ifelse to return a matrix, but you have to protect it by a list (remember a list is a vector):

ifelse(TRUE, list(mat), list(mat2))

But, this is inconvenient.

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