fontno fontno - 1 year ago 79
Git Question

Contributing to project on github, how to "rebase my pull request on top of master"

Ok so I an contributing to a project on github. The project on github is

, my forked repo on github is
, and my
repo on my computer.

git checkout -b feature
# Working on feature
git commit -a -m 'only commit on feature'

then I submit a pull request

git push origin master

The pull request is reviewed and a unrelated change needs to be made. Someone else makes a commit and merge into

Now I am asked by the
maintainer to "rebase my pull request on top of master"

This is my story (insert Law and Order sound effect).....

I did not make any changes to the pull request and its still the same commit on branch feature.

git checkout master
git fetch upstream
git checkout feature
git rebase master
=> "Current branch feature is up to date."
git push origin feature
=> "Everything up-to-date"

I don't understand. How is this possible when I know that someone committed and merged to
after I pushed my pull request to

Can anyone tell me what the correct procedure should be in this situation?

Answer Source

You only show a fetch on the upstream repo. That doesn't actually update any of your local branches. It only updates your knowledge of upstream. You'd need to ensure upstream/master is fully merged into your master, like with a git pull, prior to rebasing onto master, or more simply just rebase onto upstream/master.


git checkout master
git pull upstream master
git checkout feature
git rebase master


git checkout feature
git rebase upstream/master


After fixing your local feature branch, you'll need to push it back to origin to finish updating the pull request. Since you've pushed feature once already, you can't simply push again because a rebase changes history, and it's no long a fast-forward. Normally, whan a push fails with a "non-fast-forward", you'd resolve it by doing a pull, but a pull will just combine the two divergent histories, which is definitely not what you want. That would mean your old (pre rebase) feature branch would be combined with the new (post rebase) one. You want to overwrite origin/feature with the state of the new feature branch, dumping any record of the old one. That means you'll want to force the push to happen, even though it's not a fast-forward, using git push -f origin feature. Note: force pushing is dangerous, and you can lose commits with it. Only use it if you're absolutely sure you know what you're doing, like right here, where you intentionally want to drop the old, useless commits in the pre-rebase feature branch.

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