Dusty Dusty - 4 months ago 98
Javascript Question

How to check if click event is already bound - JQuery

I am binding a click event with a button:

$('#myButton').bind('click', onButtonClicked);


In one scenario, this is getting called multiple times, so when I do a
trigger
I see multiple ajax calls which I want to prevent.

How do I
bind
only if its not bound before.

Answer

jQuery events are stored in a data object called events, so you could search in this:

var button = $('#myButton');
if (-1 !== $.inArray(onButtonClicked, button.data('events').click)) {
    button.click(onButtonClicked);
}

It would be best, of course, if you could structure your application so this code only gets called once.


This could be encapsulated into a plugin:

$.fn.isBound = function(type, fn) {
    var data = this.data('events')[type];

    if (data === undefined || data.length === 0) {
        return false;
    }

    return (-1 !== $.inArray(fn, data));
};

You could then call:

var button = $('#myButton');
if (!button.isBound('click', onButtonClicked)) {
    button.click(onButtonClicked);
}

Update 24 Aug '12: In jQuery 1.8, it is no longer possible to access the element's events using .data('events'). (See this bug for details.) It is possible to access the same data with jQuery._data(elem, 'events'), an internal data structure, which is undocumented and therefore not 100% guaranteed to remain stable. This shouldn't, however, be a problem, and the relevant line of the plugin code above can be changed to the following:

var data = jQuery._data(this[0], 'events')[type];