Mitesh Khatri Mitesh Khatri - 4 months ago 18
iOS Question

How to Create layout constraints programmatically

I am displaying a view in the bottom of the universal application and adding this view dynamically in my view. I want to show this view in bottom every time like iAd. in both orientation. How can I add constraints for this. Please suggest.

Thanks

Answer

To fix a view to the bottom of the screen you need following constraints to set.

  1. Leading Constraint with respect of Parent View for - X
  2. Trailing Constraint with respect of Parent View for - Width
  3. Bottom Constraint with respect of Parent View for - Y
  4. Height Constraint attached to self for - Height.

Lets add.

UIView *subView=bottomView;
UIView *parent=self.view;

subView.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = NO;

//Trailing    
NSLayoutConstraint *trailing =[NSLayoutConstraint
                                constraintWithItem:subView
                                attribute:NSLayoutAttributeTrailing
                                relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual
                                toItem:parent   
                                attribute:NSLayoutAttributeTrailing
                                multiplier:1.0f
                                constant:0.f];

//Leading

NSLayoutConstraint *leading = [NSLayoutConstraint
                                   constraintWithItem:subView
                                   attribute:NSLayoutAttributeLeading
                                   relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual
                                   toItem:parent
                                   attribute:NSLayoutAttributeLeading
                                   multiplier:1.0f
                                   constant:0.f];

//Bottom
NSLayoutConstraint *bottom =[NSLayoutConstraint
                                 constraintWithItem:subView
                                 attribute:NSLayoutAttributeBottom
                                 relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual
                                 toItem:parent
                                 attribute:NSLayoutAttributeBottom
                                 multiplier:1.0f
                                 constant:0.f];

//Height to be fixed for SubView same as AdHeight
NSLayoutConstraint *height = [NSLayoutConstraint
                               constraintWithItem:subView
                               attribute:NSLayoutAttributeHeight
                               relatedBy:NSLayoutRelationEqual
                               toItem:nil
                               attribute:NSLayoutAttributeNotAnAttribute
                               multiplier:0
                               constant:ADHeight];


    [parent addConstraint:trailing];
    [parent addConstraint:bottom];
    [parent addConstraint:leading];

    [subView addConstraint:height];

Hope this helps.

Cheers.