Joe Corkery Joe Corkery - 1 month ago 15
C++ Question

Determining 32 vs 64 bit in C++

I'm looking for a way to reliably determine whether C++ code is being compiled in 32 vs 64 bit. We've come up with what we think is a reasonable solution using macros, but was curious to know if people could think of cases where this might fail or if there is a better way to do this. Please note we are trying to do this in a cross-platform, multiple compiler environment.

#if ((ULONG_MAX) == (UINT_MAX))
# define IS32BIT
#else
# define IS64BIT
#endif

#ifdef IS64BIT
DoMy64BitOperation()
#else
DoMy32BitOperation()
#endif


Thanks.

Answer

Unfortunately there is no cross platform macro which defines 32 / 64 bit across the major compilers. I've found the most effective way to do this is the following.

First I pick my own representation. I prefer ENVIRONMENT64 / ENVIRONMENT32. Then I find out what all of the major compilers use for determining if it's a 64 bit environment or not and use that to set my variables.

// Check windows
#if _WIN32 || _WIN64
#if _WIN64
#define ENVIRONMENT64
#else
#define ENVIRONMENT32
#endif
#endif

// Check GCC
#if __GNUC__
#if __x86_64__ || __ppc64__
#define ENVIRONMENT64
#else
#define ENVIRONMENT32
#endif
#endif

Another easier route is to simply set these variables from the compiler command line.

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