Santiago Aranguri Santiago Aranguri - 1 month ago 6
React JSX Question

How can I pass data from express server to react views?

I have a simple express server with a connection to a orientdb database.
I need to pass information from express to react views.
For example, in express I have:

router.get('/', function(req, res, next) {
Vertex.getFromClass('Post').then(
function (posts) {
res.render('index', { title: 'express' });
}
);
});


So, in this example, I need to have in my react index component, the
posts
variable to set the state of the componenent. (I'm using react only in the frontend, not server-side)

class IndexPage extends React.Component {
constructor(props) {
super(props);
this.state = {
posts: []
};
}

render() {
return (
<div>
<Posts posts={posts} />
</div>
);
}
}


How can I get the posts in react from express?

I found that maybe I can do an ajax request from react, but I think that that isn't the best way.

If I need to get that posts in a real time way, using socket.io for example, what are the differences?

PD: In express I have the possibility to use some template engine like handlebars or hogan. Can this template engines help in this topic?

Thanks!!!

Answer

I think your best option is to indeed make some kind of network request from the client. If you aim to keep the app simple and do not want a State Management library (e.g. Redux), you could do something like

class IndexPage extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {
      posts: []
    };
  }

  componentDidMount() {
    fetch('/') // or whatever URL you want
      .then((response) => response.json())
      .then((posts) => this.setState({
        posts: posts,
      });
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <div>
        <Posts posts={this.state.posts} />
      </div>
    );
  }
}

In your response there should be a JSON representation of the posts collection.

Also note the render method and accessing the posts.

For more on Fetch API see MDN (please also note that you will need a polyfill for older browsers for it).

EDIT: For socket.io I'd store the instance of it somewhere and pass it as a prop to the component. Then you can do something like

class IndexPage extends React.Component {
  ...
  componentDidMount() {
    this.props.socket.on('postReceived', this.handlePost);
  }
  handleNewPost = (post) => {
    this.setState({
      posts: [
        ...this.state.posts,
        post,
      ],
    });
  }
  ...
}

The server-side part is similar, see for example Socket.io Chat example.

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