Aleksey Potapov Aleksey Potapov - 2 months ago 28
HTML Question

Merge equal table cells with jQuery

Simple html table with NxM values.
The aim is to merge equal cells in column with jQuery.
Note, that in one row there are no duplicates.

I got how to hide the equal cells, but is there any way to combine a cell with data with an empty cell in one?

html:

<table border="1" id="testTable">
<tr>
<td>First</td>
<td>A</td>
<td>A</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>First</td>
<td>A</td>
<td>B</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Second</td>
<td>V</td>
<td>S</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Third</td>
<td>D</td>
<td>H</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Third</td>
<td>E</td>
<td>E</td>
</tr>
</table>


js:

var seenArray = {};
$('#testTable td').each(function()
{
var index = $(this).index();
var txt = $(this).text();
if (seenArray[index] === txt)
{
$(this).text(''); //I think here should be "marging"
}
else
{
seenArray[index] = txt;
}
});


jsFiddle

P.S. One more thing, the data originally is retrieved in json array, then I do
.parseJSON()
first and put data in table using:

for (var i = 0; i < obj.length; i++)
{
tr = $('<tr/>');
tr.append("<td>" + obj[i]['columnA'] + "</td>");
tr.append("<td>" + obj[i]['columnB'] + "</td>");
tr.append("<td>" + obj[i]['columnC'] + "</td>");
$('#testTable').append(tr);
}


UPD

alFReD NSH made a good solution for 2 cells. Here is his solution.
But, if there will be more than 2 equal cells.

Answer

If I get what you mean here, this my edited version: http://jsfiddle.net/djhU7/4/

So instead of $(this).text('') I did this:

    $($this.parent().prev().children()[index]).attr('rowspan', 2);
    $this.hide();

What I did, was the I set the rowspan of first cell to 2. This attribute "will indicates for how many rows the cell extends." which will make the above cell twice bigger, and I hid the cell with the duplicate information so the extra cell will go away. Note that removing the cell will ruin the index check for the next cell. This was a just a quick and dirty solution but rowspan attribute has to be used somewhere to achieve it.

Here's another version, that sets rowspan on the time when inserting the cells into the table, beside the fact that it works with 3 duplicate cells and more, it's also faster, because it avoids re-rendering of the table(though it can be optimized more, but I don't think at this moment you wanna care about it, premature optimization is the root of all evil!): http://jsfiddle.net/g7uY9/1/

for (var i = 0; i < obj.length; i++) {


   tr = $('<tr/>');

    addColumn(tr, 'columnA', i);
    addColumn(tr, 'columnB', i);
    addColumn(tr, 'columnC', i);
    $('#testTable').append(tr);

}

function addColumn(tr, column, i) {
    var row = obj[i],
        prevRow = obj[i - 1],
        td = $('<td>' + row[column] + '</td>');
    if (prevRow && row[column] === prevRow[column]) {
        td.hide();
    } else {
        var rowspan = 1;
        for (var j = i; j < obj.length - 1; j++) {
            if (obj[j][column] === obj[j + 1][column]) {
                rowspan++;
            } else {
                break;
            }
        }
        td.attr('rowspan', rowspan);
    }

    tr.append(td);
}