dougBTV dougBTV - 6 months ago 18
SQL Question

Sequelize: Using Multiple Databases

Do I need to create multiple instances of Sequelize if I want to use two databases? That is, two databases on the same machine.

If not, what's the proper way to do this? It seems like overkill to have to connect twice to use two databases, to me.

So for example, I have different databases for different functions, for example, let's say I have customer data in one database, and statistical data in another.

So in MySQL:

MySQL [customers]> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database |
+--------------------+
| customers |
| stats |
+--------------------+


And I have this to connect with sequelize

// Create a connection....
var Sequelize = require('sequelize');
var sequelize = new Sequelize('customers', 'my_user', 'some_password', {
host: 'localhost',
dialect: 'mysql',

pool: {
max: 5,
min: 0,
idle: 10000
},
logging: function(output) {
if (opts.log_queries) {
log.it("sequelize_log",{log: output});
}
}

});

// Authenticate it.
sequelize.authenticate().nodeify(function(err) {

// Do stuff....

});


I tried to "trick" it by in a definition of a model using dot notation

var InterestingStatistics = sequelize.define('stats.interesting_statistics', { /* ... */ });


But that creates the table
customers.stats.interesting_statistics
. I need to use an existing table in the stats database.

What's the proper way to achieve this? Thanks.

Answer

You need to create different instances of sequelize for each DB connection you want to create:

var Sequelize = require('Sequelize');
var userDb = new Sequelize(/* ... */);
var contentDb = new Sequelize(/* ... */);

Each instance created from sequelize has its own DB info (db host, url, user, pass, whatever) so there is no way to create multiple connections with one instance of sequelize.

A "common" approach to do this, is having your databases in a config.json file and loop over it to create connections dinamically, something like this maybe:

config.json

{
    /*...*/
    databases: {
        user: {
            path: 'xxxxxxxx'
        },
        content: {
            path: 'xxxxxxxx'
        }
    }
}

Your app

var Sequelize = require('sequelize');
var config = require('./config.json');

var db = {};
var databases = Object.keys(config.databases);
for(var i = 0; i < databases.length; ++i) {
    var database = databases[i];
    var dbPath = config.databases[database];
    db[database] = new Sequelize( dbPath );
}

// Sequelize instances:
// db.user
// db.content

You will need to do a little bit more coding to get it up and running but its a general idea.

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