jezerien jezerien - 1 month ago 15
Javascript Question

Support for short 3D texture in WebGL 2.0

I am attempting to load a short 3D texture in WebGL 2.0 in Firefox.

While unsigned 1 byte 3D textures load without any problem, I am struggling to do the same for any other pixel type.
My js code:

var SIZE = 512;
var data = new Int16Array(SIZE * SIZE * SIZE);
data.fill(400);

var texture = gl.createTexture();
gl.activeTexture(gl.TEXTURE0);
gl.bindTexture(gl.TEXTURE_3D, texture);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_BASE_LEVEL, 0);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_MAX_LEVEL, 0);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, gl.NEAREST);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, gl.NEAREST);

gl.texImage3D(
gl.TEXTURE_3D, // target
0, // level
gl.R16I, // internalformat
SIZE, // width
SIZE, // height
SIZE, // depth
0, // border
gl.RED_INTEGER, // format
gl.SHORT, // type
data // pixel
);


I am not generating mip maps on this texture.

When trying to sample texture in the fragment shader I get 0 for each pixel.

FS code:

#version 300 es

precision highp float;
precision highp int;
precision highp sampler3D;

uniform sampler3D textureData;

in vec3 v_texcoord;

out vec4 color;

void main()
{
vec4 value = texture(textureData, v_texcoord);
if( value.x == 0.0 )
color = vec4(1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
else if( value.x == 1.0)
color = vec4(1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0);
else if( value.x < 0.0 )
color = vec4(0.0, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0);
else
color = vec4(1.0,1.0,1.0,1.0);
}


Any help would be appreciated.

Answer

You need to use a isampler3D to sample a integer format texture in which case texture returns an ivec4

From the spec section 8.8

Texture lookup functions are provided that can return their result as floating point, unsigned integer or signed integer, depending on the sampler type passed to the lookup function. Care must be taken to use the right sampler type for texture access. The following table lists the supported combinations of sampler types and texture internal formats. Blank entries are unsupported. Doing a texture lookup will return undefined values for unsupported combinations.

 Internal   
 Texture           | Floating Point | Signed Integer | Unsigned Integer |
 Format            | Sampler Types  | Sampler Types  | Sampler Types    |
-------------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+
 Floating point    |   Supported    |                |                  |
-------------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+
 Normalized Integer|   Supported    |                |                  |
-------------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+
 Signed Integer    |                |   Supported    |                  |
-------------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+
 Unsigned Integer  |                |                |   Supported      |
-------------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+

var gl = document.querySelector("#c").getContext("webgl2");
if (!gl) {
  alert("needs webgl 2.0");
}

var SIZE = 512;
var data = new Int16Array(SIZE * SIZE * SIZE);
data.fill(400);

var texture = gl.createTexture();
gl.activeTexture(gl.TEXTURE0);
gl.bindTexture(gl.TEXTURE_3D, texture);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_BASE_LEVEL, 0);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_MAX_LEVEL, 0);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, gl.NEAREST);
gl.texParameteri(gl.TEXTURE_3D, gl.TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, gl.NEAREST);

gl.texImage3D(
    gl.TEXTURE_3D,  // target
    0,              // level
    gl.R16I,        // internalformat
    SIZE,           // width
    SIZE,           // height
    SIZE,              // depth
    0,              // border
    gl.RED_INTEGER,         // format
    gl.SHORT,       // type
    data            // pixel
   );

// FS code:

var fs = `#version 300 es

precision highp float;
precision highp int;
precision highp isampler3D;

uniform isampler3D textureData;

in vec3 v_texcoord;

out vec4 color;

void main()
{
   ivec4 value = texture(textureData, v_texcoord);
   if( value.x == 0 )
      color = vec4(1.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0);
   else if( value.x == 1)
      color = vec4(1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0);
   else if( value.x < 0 )
      color = vec4(0.0, 0.0, 1.0, 1.0);
   else
      color = vec4(0.0,1.0,1.0,1.0);
}
`;

var vs = `#version 300 es
in vec4 position;
out vec3 v_texcoord;
void main() {
  gl_Position = position;
  v_texcoord = vec3(0);
}
`

var programInfo = twgl.createProgramInfo(gl, [vs, fs]);
var bufferInfo = twgl.primitives.createXYQuadBufferInfo(gl);

gl.useProgram(programInfo.program);
twgl.setBuffersAndAttributes(gl, programInfo, bufferInfo);
twgl.drawBufferInfo(gl, bufferInfo);
canvas { border: 1px solid black; background: purple; }
<script src="https://twgljs.org/dist/2.x/twgl-full.min.js"></script>
<canvas id="c"><canvas>