Nic Meiring - 4 months ago 13

Javascript Question

I saw a bunch of other posts on this topic but none in javascript. here is my code.

`var theNumber = function digitAdd (base, exponent) {`

var number = 1;

for (i=0; i < exponent; i++) {

var number = base * number;

}

return number

}

function find(theNumber) {

var sum=0;

parseInt(theNumber);

while(theNumber>0)

{

sum=sum+theNumber%10;

theNumber=Math.floor(theNumber/10);

}

document.writeln("Sum of digits "+sum);

}

find(theNumber (2, 50));

I am getting the correct answer, I just don't fully understand the 2nd function, namely the while statement. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks!

Answer

The second function uses the modulo operator to extract the last digit:

```
1236 % 10
= 1236 - 10 * floor(1236 / 10)
= 1236 - 1230
= 6
```

When the last digit is extracted, it is subtracted from the number:

```
1236 - 6
= 1230
```

And the number is divided by `10`

:

```
1230 / 10
= 123
```

Each time this loop repeats, the last digit is chopped off and added to the sum.

The modulo operator returns `0`

if the left hand side is smaller than the right (which will happen for any 1-digit number), which is when the loop breaks:

```
1 % 10
= 0 (no whole-number multiples of 10 go into 1)
```

A less numeric alternative would be this:

```
function sumDigits(number) {
var str = number.toString();
var sum = 0;
for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
sum += parseInt(str.charAt(i), 10);
}
return sum;
}
```

It does literally what you are trying to do, which is iterate over the digits of the number (by converting it to a string).