Nathan Nathan - 2 months ago 15
Javascript Question

Whats the algorithm to calculate aspect ratio? I need an output like: 4:3, 16:9

I plan to use it with javascript to crop an image to fit the entire window.

I appreciate all help you can provide.

Edit: I'll be using a 3rd part component that only accepts the aspect ratio in the format like: 4:3, 16:9

Answer

I gather you're looking for an usable aspect ratio integer:integer solution like 16:9 rather than a float:1 solution like 1.77778:1.

If so, what you need to do is find the greatest common divisor (GCD) and divide both values by that. The GCD is the highest number that evenly divides both numbers. So the GCD for 6 and 10 is 2, the GCD for 44 and 99 is 11.

For example, a 1024x768 monitor has a GCD of 256. When you divide both values by that you get 4x3 or 4:3.

A (recursive) GCD algorithm:

function gcd (a,b):
    if b == 0:
        return a
    return gcd (b, a mod b)

In C:

static int gcd (int a, int b) {
    return (b == 0) ? a : gcd (b, a%b);
}

int main(void) {
    printf ("gcd(1024,768) = %d\n",gcd(1024,768));
}

And here's some complete HTML/Javascript which shows one way to detect the screen size and calculate the aspect ratio from that. This works in FF3, I'm unsure what support other browsers have for screen.width and screen.height.

<html><body>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        function gcd (a, b) {
            return (b == 0) ? a : gcd (b, a%b);
        }
        var w = screen.width;
        var h = screen.height;
        var r = gcd (w, h);
        document.write ("<pre>");
        document.write ("Dimensions = ", w, " x ", h, "<br>");
        document.write ("Gcd        = ", r, "<br>");
        document.write ("Aspect     = ", w/r, ":", h/r);
        document.write ("</pre>");
    </script>
</body></html>

It outputs (on my weird wide-screen monitor):

Dimensions = 1680 x 1050
Gcd        = 210
Aspect     = 8:5

Others that I tested this on:

Dimensions = 1280 x 1024
Gcd        = 256
Aspect     = 5:4

Dimensions = 1152 x 960
Gcd        = 192
Aspect     = 6:5

Dimensions = 1280 x 960
Gcd        = 320
Aspect     = 4:3

Dimensions = 1920 x 1080
Gcd        = 120
Aspect     = 16:9

I wish I had that last one at home but, no, it's a work machine unfortunately.

What you do if you find out the aspect ratio is not supported by your graphic resize tool is another matter. I suspect the best bet there would be to add letter-boxing lines (like the ones you get at the top and bottom of your old TV when you're watching a wide-screen movie on it). I'd add them at the top/bottom or the sides (whichever one results in the least number of letter-boxing lines) until the image meets the requirements.

One thing you may want to consider is the quality of a picture that's been changed from 16:9 to 5:4 - I still remember the incredibly tall, thin cowboys I used to watch in my youth on television before letter-boxing was introduced. You may be better off having one different image per aspect ratio and just resize the correct one for the actual screen dimensions before sending it down the wire.