匿名柴棍 匿名柴棍 - 29 days ago 5
Ruby Question

why 2 same strings have the same object_id in Ruby?

As you may know that in Ruby two same strings do not have a same object_id, while two same symbols do. For instance:

irb(main):001:0> :george.object_id == :george.object_id
=> true
irb(main):002:0> "george".object_id == "george".object_id
=> false


However, in my code below, it shows that two strings which have a same value "one" having a same object_id.

class MyArray < Array
def ==(x)
comparison = Array.new()
x.each_with_index{|item, i| comparison.push(item.object_id.equal?(self[i].object_id))}
if comparison.include?(false) then
false
else
true
end
end
end
class MyHash < Hash
def ==(x)
y = Hash[self.sort]
puts y.class
puts y
x = Hash[x.sort]
puts x.class
puts x
puts "______"
xkeys = MyArray.new(x.keys)
puts xkeys.class
puts xkeys.to_s
puts xkeys.object_id

puts xkeys[0].class
puts xkeys[0]
puts xkeys[0].object_id
puts "______"
xvals = MyArray.new(x.values)
puts "______"
selfkeys = MyArray.new(y.keys)
puts selfkeys.class
puts selfkeys.to_s
puts selfkeys.object_id

puts selfkeys[0].class
puts selfkeys[0]
puts selfkeys[0].object_id
puts "______"
selfvals = MyArray.new(y.values)
puts xkeys.==(selfkeys)
puts xvals.==(selfvals)
end
end


a1 = MyHash[{"one" => 1, "two" => 2}]
b1 = MyHash[{"one" => 1, "two" => 2}]
puts a1.==(b1)


And Get

Hash
{"one"=>1, "two"=>2}
Hash
{"one"=>1, "two"=>2}
______
MyArray
["one", "two"]
21638020
String
one
21641920
______
______
MyArray
["one", "two"]
21637580
String
one
21641920
______
true
true


As you can see from the result that 2 String objects with have a same value "one" having a same object_id 21641920, while it's supposed to have different ID. So can anyone give me some hints or tell me how can I get different ID in this case?
Best Regards.

Answer

When a String object is used as a key in a Hash, the hash will duplicate and freeze the string internally and will use that copy as its key.

Reference: Hash#store.