Zugwalt Zugwalt - 5 months ago 12
Java Question

Maven does not find JUnit tests to run

I have a maven program, it compiles fine. When I run

mvn test
it does not run any tests (under TESTs header says
There are no tests to run.
).

I've recreated this problem with a super simple setup which I will include below as well as the output when run with
-X
.

The unit tests run fine from eclipse (both with its default junit package and when I instead include the junit.jar downloaded by maven). Also mvn
test-compile
correctly creates the class under test-classes. I am running this on OSX 10.6.7 with Maven 3.0.2 and java 1.6.0_24.

Here is the directory structure:

/my_program/pom.xml
/my_program/src/main/java/ClassUnderTest.java
/my_program/src/test/java/ClassUnderTestTests.java


pom.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
<groupId>my_group</groupId>
<artifactId>my_program</artifactId>
<packaging>jar</packaging>
<version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
<name>My Program</name>
<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>junit</groupId>
<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
<version>4.8.1</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
</dependencies>
<build>
<plugins>
<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
<configuration>
<source>1.5</source>
<target>1.5</target>
</configuration>
</plugin>
</plugins>
</build>
</project>


ClassUnderTest.java:

public class ClassUnderTest {

public int functionUnderTest(int n) {
return n;
}

}


ClassUnderTestTests.java:

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;

public class ClassUnderTestTests {

private ClassUnderTest o;

@Before
public void setUp() {
o = new ClassUnderTest();
}

@Test
public void testFunctionUnderTest_testCase1() {
Assert.assertEquals(1, o.functionUnderTest(1));
}

@Test
public void testFunctionUnderTest_testCase2() {
Assert.assertEquals(2, o.functionUnderTest(2));
}
}


End of mvn -X test:

[DEBUG] Configuring mojo org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:2.7.1:test from plugin realm ClassRealm[plugin>org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:2.7.1, parent: sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader@5224ee]
[DEBUG] Configuring mojo 'org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:2.7.1:test' with basic configurator -->
[DEBUG] (s) basedir = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program
[DEBUG] (s) childDelegation = false
[DEBUG] (s) classesDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/classes
[DEBUG] (s) disableXmlReport = false
[DEBUG] (s) enableAssertions = true
[DEBUG] (s) forkMode = once
[DEBUG] (s) junitArtifactName = junit:junit
[DEBUG] (s) localRepository = id: local
url: file:///Users/aaron/.m2/repository/
layout: none

[DEBUG] (f) parallelMavenExecution = false
[DEBUG] (s) pluginArtifactMap = {org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin=org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-plugin:maven-plugin:2.7.1:, org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter=org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter:jar:2.7.1:compile, org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api=org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:compile, org.apache.maven.surefire:maven-surefire-common=org.apache.maven.surefire:maven-surefire-common:jar:2.7.1:compile, org.apache.maven.shared:maven-common-artifact-filters=org.apache.maven.shared:maven-common-artifact-filters:jar:1.3:compile, org.codehaus.plexus:plexus-utils=org.codehaus.plexus:plexus-utils:jar:2.0.5:compile, junit:junit=junit:junit:jar:3.8.1:compile, org.apache.maven.reporting:maven-reporting-api=org.apache.maven.reporting:maven-reporting-api:jar:2.0.9:compile}
[DEBUG] (s) printSummary = true
[DEBUG] (s) project = MavenProject: my_group:my_program:1.0-SNAPSHOT @ /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/pom.xml
[DEBUG] (s) projectArtifactMap = {junit:junit=junit:junit:jar:4.8.1:test}
[DEBUG] (s) redirectTestOutputToFile = false
[DEBUG] (s) remoteRepositories = [ id: central
url: http://repo1.maven.org/maven2
layout: default
snapshots: [enabled => false, update => daily]
releases: [enabled => true, update => never]
]
[DEBUG] (s) reportFormat = brief
[DEBUG] (s) reportsDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire-reports
[DEBUG] (s) session = org.apache.maven.execution.MavenSession@dfbb43
[DEBUG] (s) skip = false
[DEBUG] (s) skipTests = false
[DEBUG] (s) testClassesDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/test-classes
[DEBUG] (s) testFailureIgnore = false
[DEBUG] (s) testNGArtifactName = org.testng:testng
[DEBUG] (s) testSourceDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/src/test/java
[DEBUG] (s) trimStackTrace = true
[DEBUG] (s) useFile = true
[DEBUG] (s) useManifestOnlyJar = true
[DEBUG] (s) workingDirectory = /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program
[DEBUG] -- end configuration --
[INFO] Surefire report directory: /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire-reports
[DEBUG] Setting system property [user.dir]=[/Users/aaron/Programs/my_program]
[DEBUG] Setting system property [localRepository]=[/Users/aaron/.m2/repository]
[DEBUG] Setting system property [basedir]=[/Users/aaron/Programs/my_program]
[DEBUG] Using JVM: /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Home/bin/java
[DEBUG] Using manager EnhancedLocalRepositoryManager with priority 10 for /Users/aaron/.m2/repository
[DEBUG] dummy:dummy:jar:1.0 (selected for null)
[DEBUG] org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG] org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.7.1/surefire-booter-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.7.1/surefire-api-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
[DEBUG] Using manager EnhancedLocalRepositoryManager with priority 10 for /Users/aaron/.m2/repository
[DEBUG] dummy:dummy:jar:1.0 (selected for null)
[DEBUG] org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-junit4:jar:2.7.1:test (selected for test)
[DEBUG] org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:test (selected for test)
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.7.1/surefire-junit4-2.7.1.jar Scope: test
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.7.1/surefire-api-2.7.1.jar Scope: test
[DEBUG] Test Classpath :
[DEBUG] /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/test-classes
[DEBUG] /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/classes
[DEBUG] /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/junit/junit/4.8.1/junit-4.8.1.jar
[DEBUG] Using manager EnhancedLocalRepositoryManager with priority 10 for /Users/aaron/.m2/repository
[DEBUG] dummy:dummy:jar:1.0 (selected for null)
[DEBUG] org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-booter:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG] org.apache.maven.surefire:surefire-api:jar:2.7.1:compile (selected for compile)
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.7.1/surefire-booter-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
[DEBUG] Adding to surefire booter test classpath: /Users/aaron/.m2/repository/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.7.1/surefire-api-2.7.1.jar Scope: compile
Forking command line: /bin/sh -c cd /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program && /System/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/1.6.0.jdk/Contents/Home/bin/java -jar /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire/surefirebooter6118081963679415631.jar /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire/surefire4887918564882595612tmp /Users/aaron/Programs/my_program/target/surefire/surefire9012255138269731406tmp

-------------------------------------------------------
T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
There are no tests to run.

Results :

Tests run: 0, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 2.089s
[INFO] Finished at: Mon May 30 12:03:09 EDT 2011
[INFO] Final Memory: 7M/62M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Answer

By default Maven uses the following naming conventions when looking for tests to run:

  • Test*
  • *Test
  • *TestCase

Your test class doesn't follow these conventions. You should rename it or configure Maven Surefire Plugin to use another pattern for test classes.