Zain Rizvi Zain Rizvi - 1 month ago 40
C# Question

How can I bind output values to my async Azure Function?

How can I bind my outputs to an async function? The usual method of setting the parameter to

out
doesn't work with async functions.

Example



using System;

public static async void Run(string input, TraceWriter log, out string blobOutput)
{
log.Info($"C# manually triggered function called with input: {input}");
await Task.Delay(1);

blobOutput = input;
}


This results in a compilation Error:

[timestamp] (3,72): error CS1988: Async methods cannot have ref or out parameters


Binding used (fyi)

{
"bindings": [
{
"type": "blob",
"name": "blobOutput",
"path": "testoutput/{rand-guid}.txt",
"connection": "AzureWebJobsDashboard",
"direction": "out"
},
{
"type": "manualTrigger",
"name": "input",
"direction": "in"
}
],
"disabled": false
}

Answer

There are a couple ways to do this:

Bind the output to the function's return value (Easiest)

Then you can simply return the value from your function. You'll have to set the output binding's name to $return in order to use this method

Code

public static async Task<string> Run(string input, TraceWriter log)
{
    log.Info($"C# manually triggered function called with input: {input}");
    await Task.Delay(1);

    return input;
}

Binding

{
  "bindings": [
    {
      "type": "blob",
      "name": "$return",
      "path": "testoutput/{rand-guid}.txt",
      "connection": "AzureWebJobsDashboard",
      "direction": "out"
    },
    {
      "type": "manualTrigger",
      "name": "input",
      "direction": "in"
    }
  ],
  "disabled": false
}

Bind the output to IAsyncCollector

Bind the output to IAsyncCollector and add your item to the collector.

You'll want to use this method when you have more than one output bindings.

Code

public static async Task Run(string input, ICollectorAsync<string> collection, TraceWriter log)
{
    log.Info($"C# manually triggered function called with input: {input}");
    await collection.AddAsync(input);
}

Binding

{
  "bindings": [
    {
      "type": "blob",
      "name": "collection",
      "path": "testoutput/{rand-guid}.txt",
      "connection": "AzureWebJobsDashboard",
      "direction": "out"
    },
    {
      "type": "manualTrigger",
      "name": "input",
      "direction": "in"
    }
  ],
  "disabled": false
}