swaguire swaguire - 1 month ago 6x
Java Question

What to change in my code to calculate sample Standard deviation instead of population standard deviaiton?

My code calculates the population deviation when I need it to calculate the sample deviation I have compared both formulas and tried changed my calculations but nothing seems to work. Thanks for everyone's help or input in advance.

public class MeanAndStandardDeviation {
public static void main (String argv []) throws IOException {
BufferedReader stdin =
new BufferedReader (new InputStreamReader (System.in));
NumberFormat nf = new DecimalFormat ("0.00");
nf.setMinimumFractionDigits (2);//Sets Min digits
nf.setMaximumFractionDigits (2);//Sets Max digits
String inputValue;
int count = 0;
//For Loop for count
for(int i = 0; i < count; i++){
double varianceFinal = 0;
List<String> input = new ArrayList<String>();//String ArrayList
List<Double> numbers = new ArrayList<Double>();//Double ArrayList

//While loop that takes in all my input and assigns it to the ArrayLists
//Parameters set for when null is entered and total numbers go over 500
while((inputValue = stdin.readLine()) != null && !inputValue.equals("") && input.size()<500){//Parameters set for when null is entered and total numbers go over 500
numbers.add (Double.parseDouble(inputValue));

System.out.println ("Standard Deviation: " +(nf.format(calcStdDev (numbers, count, varianceFinal))));//Prints the Standard Deviation

//StandardDeviation Class
static double calcStdDev (List<Double> numbers, int count, double variance){
variance = 0;
double sum = 0;
for(int i = 0; i < numbers.size(); i++){
sum += numbers.get(i);
variance += numbers.get(i) * numbers.get(i);
double varianceFinal = ((variance/count)-(sum*sum)/(count*count));
return Math.sqrt(varianceFinal);



Seriously, your code is "wrong" on many levels. So instead of debugging all of that for you, I will give you some hints how to fix and simplify your code - then it should be very easy for you to fix/resolve your actual math problem.

First of all, your code is so written in a confusing style that just makes it much harder to understand (and therefore debug) than it needs to be.


int count = 0;
//For Loop for count
for(int i = 0; i < count; i++){

That for loop doesn't do anything. And even when the condition would be something else, like i < someNumber; you would still just need to put count = someNumber there; instead of looping!

Same here: what is the point of providing count as argument to your calc methods?! And to then just increase it? So, lets rewrite that:

public static double calcStdDev (List<Double> numbers, double variance) {
  double sumOfNumbers = 0;
  double sumOfSquares = 0;
  for(double number : numbers) {
    sumOfNumbers += number;
    sumOfSquares += number * number;
... and instead of calculating count, you simply have
int numberOfNumbers = numbers.size();
... and now, do your math

The other thing that is really strange in your code is how you setup your variance variable; and how it is used within your calc methods.

Long story short: step back and remove everything from your code that isn't required.