abugnais abugnais - 9 months ago 60
JSON Question

Postgresql: how to convert a key value table into json without using an intermediate hstore

I have a key-value postgresql table with this form

pk | fk | key | value
---|----|-----|------
1 | 11 | k1 | v1
2 | 11 | k2 | v2
3 | 22 | k3 | v3
4 | 33 | k1 | v1
5 | 33 | kk | vk
6 | 33 | kn | vn


that i need to convert to json objects grouped by fk:

fk | kv
---|------------
11 | {"k1": "v1", "k2": "v2"}
22 | {"k3": "v3"}
33 | {"k1": "v1", "kk": "vk", "kn": "vn"}


I've already found a way to do this using and intermediate hstore conversion:

SELECT fk, hstore_to_json(hstore(array_agg(key), array_agg(value))) as kv
FROM tbl
GROUP BY fk, pk;


the issue is, hstore extension is not available for me on production, and I can't install it, is there another way to get the same form of output?

PS: postgresql version is 9.4.8

Answer

It's actually very similar to the hstore version:

SELECT fk, json_object(array_agg(key), array_agg(value)) AS kv
FROM tbl
GROUP BY fk
ORDER BY fk;

Yields:

fk |                 kv
---+------------------------------------------
11 | '{"k1" : "v1", "k2" : "v2"}'
22 | '{"k3" : "v3"}'
33 | '{"k1" : "v1", "kk" : "vk", "kn" : "vn"}'