yonix yonix - 4 months ago 24
iOS Question

CATextLayer doesn't appear in an AVMutableComposition when running from a unit test

EDIT: The strangest thing: it seems that when running this code from a full app everything works, but I was always running the creation of the movie from my unit tests, and only there it didn't work. Trying to figure out why is that...

I'm trying to combine video + audio + text using AVMutableComposition and export it to a new video.

My code is based on the AVEditDemo from WWDC '10

I added a purple background to the CATextLayer so I can know for a fact it is exported to the movie, but no text is shown... I tried playing with various fonts, position, color definitions, but nothing helped, so I decided to post the code here and see if anyone stumbled across something similar and can tell me what I'm missing.

Here's the code (self.audio and self.video are AVURLAssets):

CMTime exportDuration = self.audio.duration;

AVMutableComposition *composition = [[AVMutableComposition alloc] init];

AVMutableCompositionTrack *compositionVideoTrack = [composition addMutableTrackWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo preferredTrackID:kCMPersistentTrackID_Invalid];
AVAssetTrack *videoTrack = [[self.video tracksWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] objectAtIndex:0];

// add the video in loop until the audio ends
CMTime currStartTime = kCMTimeZero;
while (CMTimeCompare(currStartTime, exportDuration) < 0) {
CMTime timeRemaining = CMTimeSubtract(exportDuration, currStartTime);
CMTime currLoopDuration = self.video.duration;

if (CMTimeCompare(currLoopDuration, timeRemaining) > 0) {
currLoopDuration = timeRemaining;
CMTimeRange currLoopTimeRange = CMTimeRangeMake(kCMTimeZero, currLoopDuration);

[compositionVideoTrack insertTimeRange:currLoopTimeRange ofTrack:videoTrack
atTime:currStartTime error:nil];

currStartTime = CMTimeAdd(currStartTime, currLoopDuration);

AVMutableCompositionTrack *compositionAudioTrack = [composition addMutableTrackWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeAudio preferredTrackID:kCMPersistentTrackID_Invalid];

AVAssetTrack *audioTrack = [self.audio.tracks objectAtIndex:0];
[compositionAudioTrack insertTimeRange:CMTimeRangeMake(kCMTimeZero, self.audio.duration) ofTrack:audioTrack atTime:kCMTimeZero error:nil];

AVMutableVideoComposition *videoComposition;

// the text layer part - THIS IS THE PART THAT DOESN'T WORK WELL
CALayer *animatedTitleLayer = [CALayer layer];
CATextLayer *titleLayer = [[CATextLayer alloc] init];
titleLayer.string = @"asdfasdf";
titleLayer.alignmentMode = kCAAlignmentCenter;
titleLayer.bounds = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.video.naturalSize.width / 2, self.video.naturalSize.height / 2);
titleLayer.opacity = 1.0;
titleLayer.backgroundColor = [UIColor purpleColor].CGColor;

[animatedTitleLayer addSublayer:titleLayer];
animatedTitleLayer.position = CGPointMake(self.video.naturalSize.width / 2.0, self.video.naturalSize.height / 2.0);

// build a Core Animation tree that contains both the animated title and the video.
CALayer *parentLayer = [CALayer layer];
CALayer *videoLayer = [CALayer layer];
parentLayer.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.video.naturalSize.width, self.video.naturalSize.height);
videoLayer.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, self.video.naturalSize.width, self.video.naturalSize.height);
[parentLayer addSublayer:videoLayer];
[parentLayer addSublayer:animatedTitleLayer];

videoComposition = [AVMutableVideoComposition videoComposition];
videoComposition.animationTool = [AVVideoCompositionCoreAnimationTool videoCompositionCoreAnimationToolWithPostProcessingAsVideoLayer:videoLayer inLayer:parentLayer];

AVMutableVideoCompositionInstruction *passThroughInstruction = [AVMutableVideoCompositionInstruction videoCompositionInstruction];
passThroughInstruction.timeRange = CMTimeRangeMake(kCMTimeZero, exportDuration);
AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction *passThroughLayer = [AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction videoCompositionLayerInstructionWithAssetTrack:compositionVideoTrack];

passThroughInstruction.layerInstructions = [NSArray arrayWithObject:passThroughLayer];
videoComposition.instructions = [NSArray arrayWithObject:passThroughInstruction];

videoComposition.frameDuration = CMTimeMake(1, 30);
videoComposition.renderSize = self.video.naturalSize;

AVAssetExportSession *exportSession = [[AVAssetExportSession alloc] initWithAsset:composition presetName:AVAssetExportPresetMediumQuality];

exportSession.videoComposition = videoComposition;
exportSession.outputURL = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:self.outputFilePath];
exportSession.outputFileType = AVFileTypeQuickTimeMovie;

[exportSession exportAsynchronouslyWithCompletionHandler:^() {
// save the video ...


Further investigation is needed, but AFAICT right now CATextLayer inside an AVMutableVideoComposition simply doesn't work from within a logic unit tests target, and this feature must be tested from a regular target.