mj-y mj-y - 2 months ago 22
C# Question

How to convert a Persian date into a Gregorian date?

I use the function below to convert Gregorian dates to Persian dates, but I've been unable to write a function to do the reverse conversion. I want a function that converts a Persian date (a string like "1390/07/18 12:00:00") into a Georgian date.

public static string GetPdate(DateTime _EnDate)
{
PersianCalendar pcalendar = new PersianCalendar();
string Pdate = pcalendar.GetYear(_EnDate).ToString("0000") + "/" +
pcalendar.GetMonth(_EnDate).ToString("00") + "/" +
pcalendar.GetDayOfMonth(_EnDate).ToString("00") + " " +
pcalendar.GetHour(_EnDate).ToString("00") + ":" +
pcalendar.GetMinute(_EnDate).ToString("00") + ":" +
pcalendar.GetSecond(_EnDate).ToString("00");

return Pdate;
}

Answer

DateTime is always in the Gregorian calendar, effectively. Even if you create an instance specifying a dfferent calendar, the values returned by the Day, Month, Year etc properties are in the Gregorian calendar.

As an example, take the start of the Islamic calendar:

using System;
using System.Globalization;

class Test
{
    static void Main()
    {
        DateTime epoch = new DateTime(1, 1, 1, new HijriCalendar());
        Console.WriteLine(epoch.Year);  // 622
        Console.WriteLine(epoch.Month); // 7
        Console.WriteLine(epoch.Day);   // 18
    }
}

It's not clear how you're creating the input to this method, or whether you should really be converting it to a string format. (Or why you're not using the built-in string formatters.)

It could be that you can just use:

public static string FormatDateTimeAsGregorian(DateTime input)
{
    return input.ToString("yyyy'/'MM'/'dd' 'HH':'mm':'ss",
                          CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
}

That will work for any DateTime which has been created appropriately - but we don't know what you've done before this.

Sample:

using System;
using System.Globalization;

class Test
{
    static void Main()
    {
        DateTime epoch = new DateTime(1, 1, 1, new PersianCalendar());
        // Prints 0622/03/21 00:00:00
        Console.WriteLine(FormatDateTimeAsGregorian(epoch));
    }

    public static string FormatDateTimeAsGregorian(DateTime input)
    {
        return input.ToString("yyyy'/'MM'/'dd' 'HH':'mm':'ss",
                              CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
    }
}

Now if you're not specifying the calendar when you create the DateTime, then you're not really creating a Persian date at all.

If you want dates that keep track of their calendar system, you can use my Noda Time project, which now supports the Persian calendar:

// In Noda Time 2.0 you'd just use CalendarSystem.Persian
var persianDate = new LocalDate(1390, 7, 18, CalendarSystem.GetPersianCalendar());
var gregorianDate = persianDate.WithCalendar(CalendarSystem.Iso);