aslingga aslingga - 2 months ago 7
MySQL Question

How to get the difference in years from two different dates?

I want to get the difference in years from two different dates using MySQL database.

for example:


  • 2011-07-20 - 2011-07-18 => 0 year

  • 2011-07-20 - 2010-07-20 => 1 year

  • 2011-06-15 - 2008-04-11 => 2 3 years

  • 2011-06-11 - 2001-10-11 => 9 years



How about the SQL syntax? Is there any built in function from MySQL to produce the result?

Answer

Here's the expression that also caters for leap years:

YEAR(date1) - YEAR(date2) - (DATE_FORMAT(date1, '%m%d') < DATE_FORMAT(date2, '%m%d'))

This works because the expression (DATE_FORMAT(date1, '%m%d') < DATE_FORMAT(date2, '%m%d')) is true if date1 is "earlier in the year" than date2 and because in mysql, true = 1 and false = 0, so the adjustment is simply a matter of subtracting the "truth" of the comparison.

This gives the correct values for your test cases, except for test #3 - I think it should be "3" to be consistent with test #1:

create table so7749639 (date1 date, date2 date);
insert into so7749639 values
('2011-07-20', '2011-07-18'),
('2011-07-20', '2010-07-20'),
('2011-06-15', '2008-04-11'),
('2011-06-11', '2001-10-11'),
('2007-07-20', '2004-07-20');
select date1, date2,
YEAR(date1) - YEAR(date2)
    - (DATE_FORMAT(date1, '%m%d') < DATE_FORMAT(date2, '%m%d')) as diff_years
from so7749639;

Output:

+------------+------------+------------+
| date1      | date2      | diff_years |
+------------+------------+------------+
| 2011-07-20 | 2011-07-18 |          0 |
| 2011-07-20 | 2010-07-20 |          1 |
| 2011-06-15 | 2008-04-11 |          3 |
| 2011-06-11 | 2001-10-11 |          9 |
| 2007-07-20 | 2004-07-20 |          3 |
+------------+------------+------------+

See SQLFiddle

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