Spencer Spencer - 1 year ago 94
PHP Question

z-Scores(standard deviation and mean) in PHP

I am trying to calculate Z-scores using PHP. Essentially, I am looking for the most efficient way to calculate the mean and standard deviation of a data set (PHP array). Any suggestions on how to do this in PHP?

I am trying to do this in the smallest number of steps.

Answer Source

to calculate the mean you can do:

$mean = array_sum($array)/count($array)

standard deviation is like so:

// Function to calculate square of value - mean
function sd_square($x, $mean) { return pow($x - $mean,2); }

// Function to calculate standard deviation (uses sd_square)    
function sd($array) {
    // square root of sum of squares devided by N-1
    return sqrt(array_sum(array_map("sd_square", $array, array_fill(0,count($array), (array_sum($array) / count($array)) ) ) ) / (count($array)-1) );

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