sebastiaan sebastiaan - 1 year ago 94 Question

How to generate Code39 barcodes in

I want to create Code39 encoded barcodes from my application.

I know I can use a font for this, but I'd prefer not to as I'd have to register the font on the server and I've had some pretty bad experiences with that.

An example of what I've produced after asking this question is in the answers

Answer Source

This is my current codebehind, with lots of comments:

Option Explicit On
Option Strict On

Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Drawing.Imaging
Imports System.Drawing.Bitmap
Imports System.Drawing.Graphics
Imports System.IO

Partial Public Class Barcode
	Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
	'Sebastiaan Janssen - 20081001 - TINT-30584
	'Most of the code is based on this example: 
	'With a bit of this thrown in:

	Private _encoding As Hashtable = New Hashtable
	Private Const _wideBarWidth As Short = 8
	Private Const _narrowBarWidth As Short = 2
	Private Const _barHeight As Short = 100

	Sub BarcodeCode39()
		_encoding.Add("*", "bWbwBwBwb")
		_encoding.Add("-", "bWbwbwBwB")
		_encoding.Add("$", "bWbWbWbwb")
		_encoding.Add("%", "bwbWbWbWb")
		_encoding.Add(" ", "bWBwbwBwb")
		_encoding.Add(".", "BWbwbwBwb")
		_encoding.Add("/", "bWbWbwbWb")
		_encoding.Add("+", "bWbwbWbWb")
		_encoding.Add("0", "bwbWBwBwb")
		_encoding.Add("1", "BwbWbwbwB")
		_encoding.Add("2", "bwBWbwbwB")
		_encoding.Add("3", "BwBWbwbwb")
		_encoding.Add("4", "bwbWBwbwB")
		_encoding.Add("5", "BwbWBwbwb")
		_encoding.Add("6", "bwBWBwbwb")
		_encoding.Add("7", "bwbWbwBwB")
		_encoding.Add("8", "BwbWbwBwb")
		_encoding.Add("9", "bwBWbwBwb")
		_encoding.Add("A", "BwbwbWbwB")
		_encoding.Add("B", "bwBwbWbwB")
		_encoding.Add("C", "BwBwbWbwb")
		_encoding.Add("D", "bwbwBWbwB")
		_encoding.Add("E", "BwbwBWbwb")
		_encoding.Add("F", "bwBwBWbwb")
		_encoding.Add("G", "bwbwbWBwB")
		_encoding.Add("H", "BwbwbWBwb")
		_encoding.Add("I", "bwBwbWBwb")
		_encoding.Add("J", "bwbwBWBwb")
		_encoding.Add("K", "BwbwbwbWB")
		_encoding.Add("L", "bwBwbwbWB")
		_encoding.Add("M", "BwBwbwbWb")
		_encoding.Add("N", "bwbwBwbWB")
		_encoding.Add("O", "BwbwBwbWb")
		_encoding.Add("P", "bwBwBwbWb")
		_encoding.Add("Q", "bwbwbwBWB")
		_encoding.Add("R", "BwbwbwBWb")
		_encoding.Add("S", "bwBwbwBWb")
		_encoding.Add("T", "bwbwBwBWb")
		_encoding.Add("U", "BWbwbwbwB")
		_encoding.Add("V", "bWBwbwbwB")
		_encoding.Add("W", "BWBwbwbwb")
		_encoding.Add("X", "bWbwBwbwB")
		_encoding.Add("Y", "BWbwBwbwb")
		_encoding.Add("Z", "bWBwBwbwb")
	End Sub

	Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
		Dim barcode As String = String.Empty
		If Not IsNothing(Request("barcode")) AndAlso Not (Request("barcode").Length = 0) Then
			barcode = Request("barcode")
			Response.ContentType = "image/png"
			Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition", String.Format("attachment; filename=barcode_{0}.png", barcode))

			'TODO: Depending on the length of the string, determine how wide the image will be
			GenerateBarcodeImage(250, 140, barcode).WriteTo(Response.OutputStream)
		End If
	End Sub

	Protected Function getBCSymbolColor(ByVal symbol As String) As System.Drawing.Brush
		getBCSymbolColor = Brushes.Black
		If symbol = "W" Or symbol = "w" Then
			getBCSymbolColor = Brushes.White
		End If
	End Function

	Protected Function getBCSymbolWidth(ByVal symbol As String) As Short
		getBCSymbolWidth = _narrowBarWidth
		If symbol = "B" Or symbol = "W" Then
			getBCSymbolWidth = _wideBarWidth
		End If
	End Function

	Protected Overridable Function GenerateBarcodeImage(ByVal imageWidth As Short, ByVal imageHeight As Short, ByVal Code As String) As MemoryStream
		'create a new bitmap
		Dim b As New Bitmap(imageWidth, imageHeight, Imaging.PixelFormat.Format32bppArgb)

		'create a canvas to paint on
		Dim canvas As New Rectangle(0, 0, imageWidth, imageHeight)

		'draw a white background
		Dim g As Graphics = Graphics.FromImage(b)
		g.FillRectangle(Brushes.White, 0, 0, imageWidth, imageHeight)

		'write the unaltered code at the bottom
		'TODO: truely center this text
		Dim textBrush As New SolidBrush(Color.Black)
		g.DrawString(Code, New Font("Courier New", 12), textBrush, 100, 110)

		'Code has to be surrounded by asterisks to make it a valid Code39 barcode
		Dim UseCode As String = String.Format("{0}{1}{0}", "*", Code)

		'Start drawing at 10, 10
		Dim XPosition As Short = 10
		Dim YPosition As Short = 10

		Dim invalidCharacter As Boolean = False
		Dim CurrentSymbol As String = String.Empty

		For j As Short = 0 To CShort(UseCode.Length - 1)
			CurrentSymbol = UseCode.Substring(j, 1)
			'check if symbol can be used
			If Not IsNothing(_encoding(CurrentSymbol)) Then
				Dim EncodedSymbol As String = _encoding(CurrentSymbol).ToString

				For i As Short = 0 To CShort(EncodedSymbol.Length - 1)
					Dim CurrentCode As String = EncodedSymbol.Substring(i, 1)
					g.FillRectangle(getBCSymbolColor(CurrentCode), XPosition, YPosition, getBCSymbolWidth(CurrentCode), _barHeight)
					XPosition = XPosition + getBCSymbolWidth(CurrentCode)

				'After each written full symbol we need a whitespace (narrow width)
				g.FillRectangle(getBCSymbolColor("w"), XPosition, YPosition, getBCSymbolWidth("w"), _barHeight)
				XPosition = XPosition + getBCSymbolWidth("w")
				invalidCharacter = True
			End If

		'errorhandling when an invalidcharacter is found
		If invalidCharacter Then
			g.FillRectangle(Brushes.White, 0, 0, imageWidth, imageHeight)
			g.DrawString("Invalid characters found,", New Font("Courier New", 8), textBrush, 0, 0)
			g.DrawString("no barcode generated", New Font("Courier New", 8), textBrush, 0, 10)
			g.DrawString("Input was: ", New Font("Courier New", 8), textBrush, 0, 30)
			g.DrawString(Code, New Font("Courier New", 8), textBrush, 0, 40)
		End If

		'write the image into a memorystream
		Dim ms As New MemoryStream

		Dim encodingParams As New EncoderParameters
		encodingParams.Param(0) = New EncoderParameter(Encoder.Quality, 100)

		Dim encodingInfo As ImageCodecInfo = FindCodecInfo("PNG")

		b.Save(ms, encodingInfo, encodingParams)

		'dispose of the object we won't need any more

		Return ms
	End Function

	Protected Overridable Function FindCodecInfo(ByVal codec As String) As ImageCodecInfo
		Dim encoders As ImageCodecInfo() = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders
		For Each e As ImageCodecInfo In encoders
			If e.FormatDescription.Equals(codec) Then Return e
		Return Nothing
	End Function
End Class
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