John55 John55 - 1 year ago 120
Swift Question

Represent CIRectangleFeature with UIBezierPath - Swift

Currently I am using a CIDetector to detect rectangles in my UIImage. I am doing the suggested way in which you pass the coordinates into a filter to get back a CIImage to put over the taken UIImage. It looks like this:

func performRectangleDetection(image: UIKit.CIImage) -> UIKit.CIImage? {
var resultImage: UIKit.CIImage?
let detector:CIDetector = CIDetector(ofType: CIDetectorTypeRectangle, context: nil, options: [CIDetectorAccuracy : CIDetectorAccuracyHigh])
// Get the detections
let features = detector.featuresInImage(image)
for feature in features as! [CIRectangleFeature] {
resultImage = self.drawHighlightOverlayForPoints(image, topLeft: feature.topLeft, topRight: feature.topRight,
bottomLeft: feature.bottomLeft, bottomRight: feature.bottomRight)
return resultImage


func drawHighlightOverlayForPoints(image: UIKit.CIImage, topLeft: CGPoint, topRight: CGPoint,
bottomLeft: CGPoint, bottomRight: CGPoint) -> UIKit.CIImage {

var overlay = UIKit.CIImage(color: CIColor(red: 1.0, green: 0.55, blue: 0.0, alpha: 0.45))
overlay = overlay.imageByCroppingToRect(image.extent)
overlay = overlay.imageByApplyingFilter("CIPerspectiveTransformWithExtent",
withInputParameters: [
"inputExtent": CIVector(CGRect: image.extent),
"inputTopLeft": CIVector(CGPoint: topLeft),
"inputTopRight": CIVector(CGPoint: topRight),
"inputBottomLeft": CIVector(CGPoint: bottomLeft),
"inputBottomRight": CIVector(CGPoint: bottomRight)
return overlay.imageByCompositingOverImage(image)

Calling performRectangleDetection displays the detected rectangle through a CIImage.

It looks something like the picture above. I need to display this same red rectangle with a UIBezierPath that is set to stroke. I need to have this so the user can adjust the detection in case it is not 100% accurate. I have tried to draw a path but it has been unsuccessful. Here is how I am drawing the path. I use a custom class called rect to hold the 4 points. Here is the detection:

func detectRect() -> Rect{
var rect:Rect?
let detector:CIDetector = CIDetector(ofType: CIDetectorTypeRectangle, context: nil, options: [CIDetectorAccuracy : CIDetectorAccuracyHigh])
// Get the detections
let features = detector.featuresInImage(UIKit.CIImage(image: self)!)
for feature in features as! [CIRectangleFeature] {
rect = Rect(tL: feature.topLeft, tR: feature.topRight, bR: feature.bottomRight, bL: feature.bottomLeft)
return rect!

Next, I have to scale the coordinates. Here is the function inside of Rect class that does that:

func scaleRect(image:UIImage, imageView:UIImageView) ->Rect{

let scaleX = imageView.bounds.width/image.size.width
var tlx = topLeft.x * scaleX
var tly = topLeft.y * scaleX
tlx += (imageView.bounds.width - image.size.width * scaleX) / 2.0
tly += (imageView.bounds.height - image.size.height * scaleX) / 2.0
let tl = CGPointMake(tlx, tly)

var trx = topRight.x * scaleX
var trY = topRight.y * scaleX
trx += (imageView.bounds.width - image.size.width * scaleX) / 2.0
trY += (imageView.bounds.height - image.size.height * scaleX) / 2.0
let tr = CGPointMake(trx, trY)

var brx = bottomRight.x * scaleX
var bry = bottomRight.y * scaleX
brx += (imageView.bounds.width - image.size.width * scaleX) / 2.0
bry += (imageView.bounds.height - image.size.height * scaleX) / 2.0
let br = CGPointMake(brx, bry)

var blx = bottomLeft.x * scaleX
var bly = bottomLeft.y * scaleX
blx += (imageView.bounds.width - image.size.width * scaleX) / 2.0
bly += (imageView.bounds.height - image.size.height * scaleX) / 2.0
let bl = CGPointMake(blx, bly)

let rect = Rect(tL: tl, tR: tr, bR: br, bL: bl)
return rect

Finally I draw the path:

var tet = image.detectRect()
tet = tet.scaleRect(image, imageView: imageView)
let shapeLayer = CAShapeLayer()
let path = ViewController.drawPath(tet.topLeft, p2: tet.topRight, p3: tet.bottomRight, p4: tet.bottomLeft)
shapeLayer.path = path.CGPath
shapeLayer.lineWidth = 5
shapeLayer.fillColor = nil
shapeLayer.strokeColor = UIColor.orangeColor().CGColor

The path has been off the screen and inaccurate. I know I have to adjust the coordinates from CoreImage coordinates to UIKit coordinates and then scale them for the UIImageView. Unfortunately, I do not know how to do that properly. I know I can reuse some of my detection code to accomplish this but I do not know the right steps to take. Any help would be appreciated! Thanks. Here is an example of what is occuring:


In order for testing my scaling that I perform in scaleRect() I decided to make my ImageView size the same size as my image size. I then printed the coordinates before and after the scaling. I would think that because they are the same, my scaling is done properly. Here is the code:

var tet = image.detectRect()
//Before scaling
//After scaling
tet = tet.scaleRect(image, imageView: imageView)

Here is the output:

(742.386596679688, 927.240844726562)

(1514.93835449219, 994.811096191406)

(1514.29675292969, 155.2802734375)

(741.837524414062, 208.55403137207)

(742.386596679688, 927.240844726562)

(1514.93835449219, 994.811096191406)

(1514.29675292969, 155.2802734375)

(741.837524414062, 208.55403137207)


I have tried two more things in order to attempt and scale my coordinates.

Number 1:
I have tried to use UIView convertPoint function in order to convert point from image to UIImageView. Here is how I coded it:
I replaced the scaleRect() function with

let view_image = UIView(frame: CGRectMake(0, 0, image.size.width, image.size.height))
let tL = view_image.convertPoint(self.topLeft, toView: imageView)
let tR = view_image.convertPoint(self.topRight, toView: imageView)
let bR = view_image.convertPoint(self.bottomRight, toView: imageView)
let bL = view_image.convertPoint(self.bottomLeft, toView: imageView)

I then returned a new rect with these points.

Number 2:
I tried a simple translation of the coordinates based on the difference in width and height of the image and imageView. Heres the code:

let widthDiff = (image.size.width - imageView.frame.size.width)
let highDiff = (image.size.height - imageView.frame.size.height)

let tL = CGPointMake(self.topLeft.x-widthDiff, self.topLeft.y-highDiff)
let tR = CGPointMake(self.topRight.x-widthDiff, self.topRight.y-highDiff)
let bR = CGPointMake(self.bottomRight.x-widthDiff, self.bottomRight.y-highDiff)
let bL = CGPointMake(self.bottomLeft.x-widthDiff, self.bottomLeft.y-highDiff)

I have also tried using CGAffineTransform. Code:

var transform = CGAffineTransformMakeScale(1, -1)
transform = CGAffineTransformTranslate(transform, 0, -imageView.bounds.size.height)
let tL = CGPointApplyAffineTransform(self.topLeft, transform)
let tR = CGPointApplyAffineTransform(self.topRight, transform)
let bR = CGPointApplyAffineTransform(self.bottomRight, transform)
let bL = CGPointApplyAffineTransform(self.bottomLeft, transform)

None have worked. I do not know what else I can try. Please help. It would be greatly appreciated. Thanks!

Answer Source

I've been struggling with the same problem for a few days, and this is how I overcame the problem:

I made a custom class to store the points and add some helper functions:

//  ObyRectangleFeature.swift
//  Created by 4oby on 5/20/16.
//  Copyright © 2016 cvv. All rights reserved.

import Foundation
import UIKit

extension CGPoint {
    func scalePointByCeficient(ƒ_x: CGFloat, ƒ_y: CGFloat) -> CGPoint {
        return CGPoint(x: self.x/ƒ_x, y: self.y/ƒ_y) //original image

    func reversePointCoordinates() -> CGPoint {
        return CGPoint(x: self.y, y: self.x)

    func sumPointCoordinates(add: CGPoint) -> CGPoint {
        return CGPoint(x: self.x + add.x, y: self.y + add.y)

    func substractPointCoordinates(sub: CGPoint) -> CGPoint {
        return CGPoint(x: self.x - sub.x, y: self.y - sub.y)

class ObyRectangleFeature : NSObject {

    var topLeft: CGPoint!
    var topRight: CGPoint!
    var bottomLeft: CGPoint!
    var bottomRight: CGPoint!

    var centerPoint : CGPoint{
        get {
            let centerX = ((topLeft.x + bottomLeft.x)/2 + (topRight.x + bottomRight.x)/2)/2
            let centerY = ((topRight.y + topLeft.y)/2 + (bottomRight.y + bottomLeft.y)/2)/2
            return CGPoint(x: centerX, y: centerY)


    convenience init(_ rectangleFeature: CIRectangleFeature) {
        topLeft = rectangleFeature.topLeft
        topRight = rectangleFeature.topRight
        bottomLeft = rectangleFeature.bottomLeft
        bottomRight = rectangleFeature.bottomRight

    override init() {

    func rotate90Degree() -> Void {

        let centerPoint =  self.centerPoint

//        /rotate cos(90)=0, sin(90)=1
        topLeft = CGPoint(x: centerPoint.x + (topLeft.y - centerPoint.y), y: centerPoint.y + (topLeft.x - centerPoint.x))
        topRight = CGPoint(x: centerPoint.x + (topRight.y - centerPoint.y), y: centerPoint.y + (topRight.x - centerPoint.x))
        bottomLeft = CGPoint(x: centerPoint.x + (bottomLeft.y - centerPoint.y), y: centerPoint.y + (bottomLeft.x - centerPoint.x))
        bottomRight = CGPoint(x: centerPoint.x + (bottomRight.y - centerPoint.y), y: centerPoint.y + (bottomRight.x - centerPoint.x))

    func  scaleRectWithCoeficient(ƒ_x: CGFloat, ƒ_y: CGFloat) -> Void {
        topLeft =  topLeft.scalePointByCeficient(ƒ_x, ƒ_y: ƒ_y)
        topRight = topRight.scalePointByCeficient(ƒ_x, ƒ_y: ƒ_y)
        bottomLeft = bottomLeft.scalePointByCeficient(ƒ_x, ƒ_y: ƒ_y)
        bottomRight = bottomRight.scalePointByCeficient(ƒ_x, ƒ_y: ƒ_y)

    func correctOriginPoints() -> Void {

        let deltaCenter = self.centerPoint.reversePointCoordinates().substractPointCoordinates(self.centerPoint)

        let TL = topLeft
        let TR = topRight
        let BL = bottomLeft
        let BR = bottomRight

        topLeft = BL.sumPointCoordinates(deltaCenter)
        topRight = TL.sumPointCoordinates(deltaCenter)
        bottomLeft = BR.sumPointCoordinates(deltaCenter)
        bottomRight = TR.sumPointCoordinates(deltaCenter)

And this is the initialization code :

let scalatedRect : ObyRectangleFeature = ObyRectangleFeature(rectangleFeature)
        // fromSize -> Initial size of the CIImage
        // toSize -> the size of the scaled Image
        let ƒ_x = (fromSize.width/toSize.width)
        let ƒ_y = (fromSize.height/toSize.height)

        /*the coeficients are interchange intentionally cause of the different
        coordinate system used by CIImage and UIImage, you could rotate before 
        scaling, to preserve the order, but if you do, the result will be offCenter*/

        scalatedRect.scaleRectWithCoeficient(ƒ_y, ƒ_y: ƒ_x)

At this point scaleRect is ready to be drawn any way you like.

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