Curious2learn Curious2learn - 5 months ago 102
Python Question

convert nan value to zero

I have a 2D numpy array. Some of the values in this array are

NaN
. I want to perform certain operations using this array. For example consider the array:

[[ 0. 43. 67. 0. 38.]
[ 100. 86. 96. 100. 94.]
[ 76. 79. 83. 89. 56.]
[ 88. NaN 67. 89. 81.]
[ 94. 79. 67. 89. 69.]
[ 88. 79. 58. 72. 63.]
[ 76. 79. 71. 67. 56.]
[ 71. 71. NaN 56. 100.]]


I am trying to take each row, one at a time, sort it in reversed order to get max 3 values from the row and take their average. The code I tried is:

# nparr is a 2D numpy array
for entry in nparr:
sortedentry = sorted(entry, reverse=True)
highest_3_values = sortedentry[:3]
avg_highest_3 = float(sum(highest_3_values)) / 3


This does not work for rows containing
NaN
. My question is, is there a quick way to convert all
NaN
values to zero in the 2D numpy array so that I have no problems with sorting and other things I am trying to do.

Answer

This should work:

from numpy import *

a = array([[1, 2, 3], [0, 3, NaN]])
where_are_NaNs = isnan(a)
a[where_are_NaNs] = 0

In the above case where_are_NaNs is:

In [12]: where_are_NaNs
Out[12]: 
array([[False, False, False],
       [False, False,  True]], dtype=bool)
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