Cheok Yan Cheng Cheok Yan Cheng - 1 month ago 9
Java Question

Determine Number of Decimal Place using BigDecimal

I was interested to have the following getNumberOfDecimalPlace function :

System.out.println("0 = " + Utils.getNumberOfDecimalPlace(0)); // 0
System.out.println("1.0 = " + Utils.getNumberOfDecimalPlace(1.0)); // 0
System.out.println("1.01 = " + Utils.getNumberOfDecimalPlace(1.01)); // 2
System.out.println("1.012 = " + Utils.getNumberOfDecimalPlace(1.012)); // 3
System.out.println("0.01 = " + Utils.getNumberOfDecimalPlace(0.01)); // 2
System.out.println("0.012 = " + Utils.getNumberOfDecimalPlace(0.012)); // 3


May I know how can I implement getNumberOfDecimalPlace, by using BigDecimal?

The following code doesn't work as expected :

public static int getNumberOfDecimalPlace(double value) {
final BigDecimal bigDecimal = new BigDecimal("" + value);
final String s = bigDecimal.toPlainString();
System.out.println(s);
final int index = s.indexOf('.');
if (index < 0) {
return 0;
}
return s.length() - 1 - index;
}


The following get printed :

0.0
0 = 1
1.0
1.0 = 1
1.01
1.01 = 2
1.012
1.012 = 3
0.01
0.01 = 2
0.012
0.012 = 3


However, for case 0, 1.0, it doesn't work well. I expect, "0" as result. But they turned out to be "0.0" and "1.0". This will return "1" as result.

Answer

This code:

int getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(BigDecimal bigDecimal) {
    String string = bigDecimal.stripTrailingZeros().toPlainString();
    int index = string.indexOf(".");
    return index < 0 ? 0 : string.length() - index - 1;
}

... passes these tests:

assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("0.001")), equalTo(3));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("0.01")), equalTo(2));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("0.1")), equalTo(1));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("1.000")), equalTo(0));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("1.00")), equalTo(0));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("1.0")), equalTo(0));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("1")), equalTo(0));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("10")), equalTo(0));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("10.1")), equalTo(1));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("10.01")), equalTo(2));
assertThat(getNumberOfDecimalPlaces(new BigDecimal("10.001")), equalTo(3));

... if that is indeed what you want. The other replies are correct, you have to use BigDecimal all the way through for this rather than double/float.

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