Austin Berenyi Austin Berenyi - 5 months ago 42
Swift Question

Why am I unable to install a constraint on my view?

I am trying to animate a button from outside the visible bounds of my

to the center of it. I have a constraint setup in my storyboard called
which I remove as part of my animation, and then I want to add a new constraint called

@IBAction func updateDidTouch(_ sender: Any) {

UIView.animate(withDuration: 0.5, delay: 0, options: UIViewAnimationOptions.curveEaseInOut, animations: {

let newCenterConstraint = NSLayoutConstraint(item: self.myButton, attribute: .centerX, relatedBy: .equal, toItem: view, attribute: .centerX, multiplier: 1.0, constant: 0.0)



}, completion: nil)

The code I have right now is giving me the following error message regarding my reference to
toItem: view

Implicit use of 'self' in closure; use 'self.' to make capture
semantics explicit

But when I used
my app crashes with an error message saying:

Unable to install constraint on view. Does the constraint reference
something from outside the subtree of the view? That's illegal.

Where am I going wrong here in adding the new centerX constraint?

Answer Source

The error is very clear. You are adding a constraint referencing self.view to a subview of self.view.

To fix this replace this line:




A better approach though, as suggested by Lou Franco, is to instead of animating the addition of a new constraint, changing the constant of the center x constraint and animating the layoutIfNeeded function. (For this you’d have to connect an outlet for the center x constraint.)

It would look like this:

UIView.animate(withDuration: 0.5, delay: 0, options: UIViewAnimationOptions.curveEaseInOut, animations: {
  self.centerConstraint.constant = 0
}, completion: nil)
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