TeamWild TeamWild - 10 days ago 6
C# Question

Parse XDocument without having to keep specifying the default namespace

I have some XML data (similar to the sample below) and I want to read the values in code.

Why am I forced to specify the default namespace to access each element? I would have expected the default namespace to be used for all elements.

Is there a more logical way to achieve my goal?

Sample XML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ReceiptsBatch xmlns="http://www.secretsonline.gov.uk/secrets">
<MessageHeader>
<MessageID>00000173</MessageID>
<Timestamp>2009-10-28T16:50:01</Timestamp>
<MessageCheck>BX4f+RmNCVCsT5g</MessageCheck>
</MessageHeader>
<Receipts>
<Receipt>
<Status>OK</Status>
</Receipt>
</Receipts>
</ReceiptsBatch>


Code to read xml elements I'm after:

XDocument xDoc = XDocument.Load( FileInPath );

XNamespace ns = "http://www.secretsonline.gov.uk/secrets";

XElement MessageCheck = xDoc.Element(ns+ "MessageHeader").Element(ns+"MessageCheck");
XElement MessageBody = xDoc.Element("Receipts");

Answer

The theory is that the meaning of the document is not affected by the user's choice of namespace prefixes. So long as the data is in the namespace http://www.secretsonline.gov.uk/secrets, it doesn't matter whether the author chooses to use the prefix "s", "secrets", "_x.cafe.babe", or the "null" prefix (that is, making it the default namespace). Your application shouldn't care: it's only the URI that matters. That's why your application has to specify the URI.