sc_ray - 1 year ago 164
Scala Question

# Palindromes using Scala

I came across this problem from CodeChef. The problem states the following:

A positive integer is called a palindrome if its representation in the
decimal system is the same when read from left to right and from right
to left. For a given positive integer K of not more than 1000000
digits, write the value of the smallest palindrome larger than K to
output.

I can define a isPalindrome method as follows:

``````def isPalindrome(someNumber:String):Boolean = someNumber.reverse.mkString == someNumber
``````

The problem that I am facing is how do I loop from the initial given number and break and return the first palindrome when the integer satisfies the isPalindrome method? Also, is there a better(efficient) way to write the isPalindrome method?

It will be great to get some guidance here

Answer Source

If you have a number like 123xxx you know, that either xxx has to be below 321 - then the next palindrom is 123321.

Or xxx is above, then the 3 can't be kept, and 124421 has to be the next one.

Here is some code without guarantees, not very elegant, but the case of (multiple) Nines in the middle is a bit hairy (19992):

``````object Palindrome extends App {

def nextPalindrome (inNumber: String): String = {
val len = inNumber.length ()
if (len == 1 && inNumber (0) != '9')
"" + (inNumber.toInt + 1) else {
val head = inNumber.substring (0, len/2)
val tail = inNumber.reverse.substring (0, len/2)
val h = if (head.length > 0) BigInt (head) else BigInt (0)
val t = if (tail.length > 0) BigInt (tail) else BigInt (0)

if (t < h) {
if (len % 2 == 0) head + (head.reverse)
else inNumber.substring (0, len/2 + 1) + (head.reverse)
} else {
if (len % 2 == 1) {
val s2 = inNumber.substring (0, len/2 + 1) // 4=> 4
val h2 = BigInt (s2) + 1  // 5
nextPalindrome (h2 + (List.fill (len/2) ('0').mkString)) // 5 + ""
} else {
val h = BigInt (head) + 1
h.toString + (h.toString.reverse)
}
}
}
}

def check (in: String, expected: String) = {
if (nextPalindrome (in) == expected)
println ("ok: " + in) else
println (" - fail: " + nextPalindrome (in) + " != " + expected + " for: " + in)
}
//
val nums = List (("12345", "12421"), // f
("123456", "124421"),
("54321", "54345"),
("654321", "654456"),
("19992", "20002"),
("29991", "29992"),
("999", "1001"),
("31", "33"),
("13", "22"),
("9", "11"),
("99", "101"),
("131", "141"),
("3", "4")
)
nums.foreach (n => check (n._1, n._2))
println (nextPalindrome ("123456678901234564579898989891254392051039410809512345667890123456457989898989125439205103941080951234566789012345645798989898912543920510394108095"))

}
``````

I guess it will handle the case of a one-million-digit-Int too.

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