trampster trampster - 4 months ago 65
C# Question

Base32 Decoding

I have a base32 string which I need to convert to a byte array. And I'm having trouble finding a conversion method in the .net framework. I can find methods for base64 but not for base32.

Convert.FromBase64String – something like this for base32 would be perfect.

Is there such a method in the framework or do I have to roll my own?

CMS CMS
Answer

Check this FromBase32String implementation for .NET found here.


Edit: The above link was dead; you can find an archived copy at archive.org

The actual code read:

using System;
using System.Text;

public sealed class Base32 {

      // the valid chars for the encoding
      private static string ValidChars = "QAZ2WSX3" + "EDC4RFV5" + "TGB6YHN7" + "UJM8K9LP";

      /// <summary>
      /// Converts an array of bytes to a Base32-k string.
      /// </summary>
      public static string ToBase32String(byte[] bytes) {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();         // holds the base32 chars
            byte index;
            int hi = 5;
            int currentByte = 0;

            while (currentByte < bytes.Length) {
                  // do we need to use the next byte?
                  if (hi > 8) {
                        // get the last piece from the current byte, shift it to the right
                        // and increment the byte counter
                        index = (byte)(bytes[currentByte++] >> (hi - 5));
                        if (currentByte != bytes.Length) {
                              // if we are not at the end, get the first piece from
                              // the next byte, clear it and shift it to the left
                              index = (byte)(((byte)(bytes[currentByte] << (16 - hi)) >> 3) | index);
                        }

                        hi -= 3;
                  } else if(hi == 8) { 
                        index = (byte)(bytes[currentByte++] >> 3);
                        hi -= 3; 
                  } else {

                        // simply get the stuff from the current byte
                        index = (byte)((byte)(bytes[currentByte] << (8 - hi)) >> 3);
                        hi += 5;
                  }

                  sb.Append(ValidChars[index]);
            }

            return sb.ToString();
      }


      /// <summary>
      /// Converts a Base32-k string into an array of bytes.
      /// </summary>
      /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">
      /// Input string <paramref name="s">s</paramref> contains invalid Base32-k characters.
      /// </exception>
      public static byte[] FromBase32String(string str) {
            int numBytes = str.Length * 5 / 8;
            byte[] bytes = new Byte[numBytes];

            // all UPPERCASE chars
            str = str.ToUpper();

            int bit_buffer;
            int currentCharIndex;
            int bits_in_buffer;

            if (str.Length < 3) {
                  bytes[0] = (byte)(ValidChars.IndexOf(str[0]) | ValidChars.IndexOf(str[1]) << 5);
                  return bytes;
            }

            bit_buffer = (ValidChars.IndexOf(str[0]) | ValidChars.IndexOf(str[1]) << 5);
            bits_in_buffer = 10;
            currentCharIndex = 2;
            for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++) {
                  bytes[i] = (byte)bit_buffer;
                  bit_buffer >>= 8;
                  bits_in_buffer -= 8;
                  while (bits_in_buffer < 8 && currentCharIndex < str.Length) {
                        bit_buffer |= ValidChars.IndexOf(str[currentCharIndex++]) << bits_in_buffer;
                        bits_in_buffer += 5;
                  }
            }

            return bytes;
      }
}