Stefano Fedele - 3 months ago 58

LaTeX Question

I am working on dynamic plots on jupyter with matplotlib, which means in a for loop each different cycle provides a different plot as in the example below

`import matplotlib.pyplot as plt`

import numpy as np

import time

import matplotlib as mpl

mpl.rcParams['lines.linewidth'] = 2

plt.ion()

%matplotlib notebook

x = np.arange(-10, 10, 0.01)

fig = plt.figure(figsize = (12, 7))

ax = fig.add_subplot(111)

ax.grid()

plt.show()

for j in range(1,5):

ax.set_title(r"%6.2f $y = \frac{\sin{(\pi x j)}}{(\pi x j)}$" % j)

y = np.sin( np.pi*x*j )/( np.pi*x*j )

line, = ax.plot(x, y, 'b')

fig.canvas.draw()

time.sleep(1)

if j != 4:

line.remove()

The line "ax.set_title" provides the title which has both a constant latex code and a number that changes over the time. My issue is that I can change a number in the title out of the latex code but I really don't know how to change a piece INSIDE the latex code.

In the previous example, for each different loop, I would like not only a different plot but also a title with a different latex code which provides a different result as reported here

Is there anyone who can suggest me anything about it?

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Answer Source

It makes sense to use the `format`

notation.

Then you need to escape all curly brackets that need to be part of the MathText string.

```
plt.title(r"$y = \frac{{\sin{{({j}\pi)}}}}{{({j}\pi)}}$".format(j=3.14159265359))
```

To format the numbers in the `format`

notation, you can define the number of decimal places (`{j:.3f}`

) or use the general number format (`{j:g}`

).

```
plt.title(r"$y = \frac{{\sin{{({j:.3f}\pi)}}}}{{({j:g}\pi)}}$".format(j=3.14159265359))
```

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