venkat venkat - 3 months ago 8
Python Question

Order dictionary index in python

I have created a order dictionary and could not get the index out of it.
I have gone through the below url but not working.


Accessing dictionary value by index in python


Here is my code and output.

line_1 = OrderedDict((('A1', "Miyapur"), ('A2', "JNTU College"), ('A3', "KPHB Colony"),
('A4', "Kukatpally"), ('A5', "Balanagar"), ('A6', "Moosapet"),
('A7', "Bharat Nagar"), ('A8', "Erragadda"), ('A9', "ESI Hospital"),
('A10', "S R Nagar"), ('X1', "Ameerpet"), ('A12', "Punjagutta"),
('A13', "Irrum Manzil"), ('A14', "Khairatabad"), ('A15', "Lakdikapul"),
('A16', "('Assembly"), ('A17', "Nampally"), ('A18', "Gandhi Bhavan"),
('A19', "Osmania Medical College"), ('X2', "MG Bus station"), ('A21', "Malakpet"),
('A22', "New Market"), ('A23', "Musarambagh"), ('A24', "Dilsukhnagar"),
('A25', "Chaitanyapuri"), ('A26', "Victoria Memorial"), ('A27', "L B Nagar")))

print(line_1.values()[1])
print(line_1[1])
print(line_1.keys()[1])


All the above options are not working as mentioned in the referenced link.
Any guidance is highly appreciated.
Here is the output for each print statement in the given order.


TypeError: 'odict_values' object does not support indexing

KeyError: 1

TypeError: 'odict_keys' object does not support indexing

Answer

In Python 3, dictionaries (including OrderedDict) return "view" objects from their keys() and values() methods. Those are iterable, but don't support indexing. The answer you linked appears to have been written for Python 2, where keys() and values() returned lists.

There are a few ways you could make the code work in Python 3. One simple (but perhaps slow) option would be to pass the view object to list() and then index it:

print(list(line_1.values())[1])

Another option would be to use itertools.islice to iterate over the view object to the desired index:

import itertools

print(next(itertools.islice(line_1.values(), 1, 2)))

But all of these solutions are pretty ugly. It may be that a dictionary is not the best data structure for you to use in this situation. If your data was in a simple list, it would be trivial to lookup any item by index (but lookup up by key would be harder).

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