Nico AD Nico AD - 1 month ago 26
Python Question : can't write wavfile

I have an issue writing a 2d numpy array as a wave file (audio)

According to the doc I should write a 2d int16 numpy array

16-bit PCM -32768 +32767 int16

As my numpy array in range (-1,1) in float32 format I first convert it to 16 bits int

stereoAudio = ((stereoAudio * bits16max)).astype('int16')

print "argmax : " + str(np.amax(stereoAudio))
print "argmin : " + str(np.amin(stereoAudio))

outWaveFileName = "out/file.wav"
print "writing " + outWaveFileName

I get the following output :

argmax : 4389
argmin : -4381
writing out/file.wav
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/Users/me/", line 132, in <module>
File "//anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/scipy/io/", line 353, in write
bytes_per_second, block_align, bit_depth)
error: ushort format requires 0 <= number <= USHRT_MAX

as my values are between -4391 and 4389 in 16bits format it should be ok. but my data looks interpreted as ushort


The write function in expects the input array to have the shape (num_samples, num_channels). I suspect your array has shape (num_channels, num_samples). Then write tries to put num_samples in a 16 bit field in a structure that gets written to the WAV file, but the value of num_samples is too big for a 16 bit value. (Note that if num_samples were small enough, you would not get an error, but the file would not have the correct format.)

A quick fix is to write the transpose of your array:

wavfile.write(outWaveFileName, 44100, stereoAudio.T)

For example, here is some code that demonstrates the error; x and y have shape (2, 40000):

In [12]: x = (2*np.random.rand(2, 40000) - 1).astype(np.float32)

In [13]: y = (x*32767).astype('int16')

In [14]: from import wavfile

In [15]: wavfile.write('foo.wav', 44100, y)
error                                     Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-15-36b8cd0e729c> in <module>()
----> 1 wavfile.write('foo.wav', 44100, y)

/Users/warren/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/scipy/io/wavfile.pyc in write(filename, rate, data)
    352         fmt_chunk_data = struct.pack('<HHIIHH', format_tag, channels, fs,
--> 353                                      bytes_per_second, block_align, bit_depth)
    354         if not (dkind == 'i' or dkind == 'u'):
    355             # add cbSize field for non-PCM files

error: ushort format requires 0 <= number <= USHRT_MAX

Transpose the array so the input to wavfile.write has the expected shape:

In [16]: wavfile.write('foo.wav', 44100, y.T)

Read back the data to verify that it worked as expected:

In [22]: fs, z ='foo.wav')

In [23]: np.allclose(z, y.T)
Out[23]: True