G.SINGH G.SINGH - 1 year ago 74
PHP Question

When should I use prepared statements?

Originally I used mysql_connect and mysql_query to do things. Then I learned of SQL injection, so I am trying to learn how to use prepared statements. I understand how the prepare and execute functions of the PDO class are useful to prevent SQL injection.

But, are prepared statements only necessary when a users input is stored into a database. Would it be okay to still use mysql_num_rows, since I don't really run the risk of being hacked into by using this function? Or is it more secure to use prepared statements to do this? Should I use prepared statements for everything that involves using mysql? Why?

I really appreciate any answers and feedback. Thank you.

Answer Source


Always. 100% of the time, use it. Always; and even if you don't need to use it. USE IT STILL.

mysql_* functions are deprecated. (Notice the big red box?)

Warning This extension was deprecated in PHP 5.5.0, and it was removed in PHP 7.0.0. Instead, the MySQLi or PDO_MySQL extension should be used. See also MySQL: choosing an API guide and related FAQ for more information. Alternatives to this function include:

You'd be better off using PDO or MySQLi. Either of those 2 will suffice as compatible libraries when using prepared statements.

Trusting user input without prepared statements/sanitizing it is like leaving your car in a bad neighborhood, unlocked and with the keys in the ignition. You're basically saying, just come on in and take my goodies enter image description here

You should never, and I mean never, trust user input. Unless you want this:

SQL Injection

In reference to the data and storing it, as stated in the comments, you can never and should never trust any user related input. Unless you are 101% sure the data being used to manipulate said databases/values is hard-coded into your app, you must use prepared statements.

Now onto why you should use prepared statements. It's simple. To prevent SQL Injection, but in the most straight forward way possible. The way prepared statements work is simple, it sends the query and the data together, but seperate (if that makes sense haha) - What I mean is this:

Prepared Statements
Query: SELECT foo FROM bar WHERE foo = ?
Data:  [? = 'a value here']

Compared to its predecessor, where you truncated a query with the data, sending it as a whole - in turn, meaning it was executed as a single transaction - causing SQL Injection vulnerabilities.

And here is a pseudo PHP PDO example to show you the simplicity of prepared statements/binds.

$dbh = PDO(....); // dsn in there mmm yeahh
$stmt = $dbh->prepare("INSERT INTO REGISTRY (name, value) VALUES (:name, :value)");
$stmt->bindParam(':name', $name);
$stmt->bindParam(':value', $value);

// insert one row
$name = 'one';
$value = 1;

Taken from PHP Manual for PDO Prepared Statements

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