JDavila JDavila - 5 months ago 17
SQL Question

ExecuteNonQuery returning -1 when using sql COUNT despite the query string

For some reason,

ExecuteNonQuery()
in C# returns
-1
, though when I run a query separately, the value returns the actual value needed.

For Example:

try
{

var connString ="Data Source=ServerName;InitialCatalog=DatabaseName;Integrated Security=true;"
SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connString);

SqlCommand someCmd = new SqlCommand("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM SomeTable");

someCmd.Connection = conn;

conn.Open();

var theCount = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

conn.Close();
}
catch(Exception ex)
{
Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
}


When the command is executed it returns
-1
. Though if run the query separately,

SELECT COUNT(*) FROM SomeTable;


Column returns one row with a count of
4
if that table being queried has
4
rows.

Answer

Based on MSDN:

For UPDATE, INSERT, and DELETE statements, the return value is the number of rows affected by the command. When a trigger exists on a table being inserted or updated, the return value includes the number of rows affected by both the insert or update operation and the number of rows affected by the trigger or triggers. For all other types of statements, the return value is -1. If a rollback occurs, the return value is also -1.

You want to return the number of rows affected by the command and save it to an int variable but since the type of statement is select so it returns -1.

Solution: If you want to get the number of rows affected by the SELECT command and save it to an int variable you can use ExecuteScalar.

var theCount = (int)cmd.ExecuteScalar();
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